Merit Badge Workbook Merit Badge History

Radio - In-Person Class Notes

Please arrive with ample time prior to the start time of your class for registration. Remember, there will be others checking in as well that registration may take a little time, depending on the size of the class and the event held in conjunction with the class.

Your Scout uniform is required to be worn when attending this merit badge session. If you have any additional questions, please feel free to contact Brian Reiners (Scoutmater Bucky) via email at scoutmasterbucky@yahoo.com or on the phone at 612-483-0665.

Reviewing the merit badge pamphlet PRIOR to attending and doing preparation work will ensure that Scouts get the most out of these class opportunities. The merit badge pamphlet is a wealth of information that can make earning a merit badge a lot easier. It contains many of the answers and solutions needed or can at least provide direction as to where one can find the answers.

It is NOT acceptable to come unprepared to a Scoutmaster Bucky event. You can (and should) use the Scoutmaster Bucky Radio Merit Badge Workbook to help get a head start and organize your preparation work. Please note that the use of any workbook is merely for note taking and reference. Completion of any merit badge workbook does not warrant, guarantee, or confirm a Scout's completion of any merit badge requirements.

It should be noted that this merit badge class is not meant for those who just want to come and see what they can get done. It is possible to complete this merit badge by being properly prepared and having done the preparation work prior to the class. Preparation is a MUST! If you are not willing to participate to these expectations and standards, perhaps the Scoutmaster Bucky opportunity is not for you.

Things to remember to bring for this merit badge class:

  • Merit badge blue card properly filled out and signed off by your Scoutmaster
  • Radio Merit Badge Pamphlet
  • Scout uniform
  • Supporting documentation or project work pertinent to the Radio merit badge, which may also include a merit badge workbook for reference with notes
  • A positive Scouting focus and attitude

Please read and understand the Scoutmaster Bucky Blue Card Process.

Radio - Online Class Notes

Please arrive with ample time prior to the start time of your class to ensure your connection to the online session is working properly. Ask people in your household to refrain from unnecessary internet usage, including but not limited to: streaming videos, online gaming, and other heavy bandwidth usage.

You will receive a link 12 to 24 hours before the class start time. Notification will come through the email address provided during the registration process, so please make sure you enter your email correctly.

Your Scout Uniform is required to be worn when attending this Online Merit Badge session. If you have any additional questions, please feel free to contact Brian Reiners; Scoutmaster Bucky via email at scoutmasterbucky@yahoo.com or on the phone at 612-483-0665.

Reviewing the Merit Badge Pamphlet PRIOR to attending and doing preparation work will insure that Scouts get the most out of these online class opportunities. The Merit Badge Pamphlet is a wealth of information that can make earning a Merit Badge a lot easier. It contains many of the answers and solutions needed or can at least provide direction as to where one can find the answers.

It is NOT acceptable to come unprepared to a Scoutmaster Bucky event. You can (and should) use the Scoutmaster Bucky American Business Merit Badge Workbook to help get a head start and organize your preparation work. Please note that the use of any workbook is merely for note taking and reference. Completion of any Merit Badge Workbook does not warrant, guarantee, or confirm a Scouts completion of any merit badge requirement(s). You can download the Scoutmaster Bucky Radio Merit Badge Workbook for taking notes to help you prepare.

It should be noted that this Merit Badge class is not meant for those who just want to come and see what they can get done. It is possible to complete this Merit Badge by being properly prepared and having done the preparation work prior to the class. Preparation is a MUST! If you are not willing to participate to these expectations and standards, perhaps the Scoutmaster Bucky opportunity is not for you.

Radio Merit Badge
2020 Scouts BSA Requirements

Please make sure you read the top portion of this page for general participation expectations in a Scoutmaster Bucky merit badge class.

Pay careful attention to the action verbs within the requirements. An example to note:

"Tell", "explain", "describe", and "discuss" are commonly used and will require the Scout to perform these actions during the class. When these action verbs are a part of any requirement, Scouts are expected to be prepared to share. Reading responses is not acceptable since it does not fulfill the requirement of showing the Scout's knowledge and understanding.

1.

Explain what radio is. Then discuss the following:

(a)

The differences between broadcast radio and hobby radio

(b)

The differences between broadcasting and two-way communications

(c)

Radio station call signs and how they are used in broadcast radio and amateur radio

(d)

The phonetic alphabet and how it is used to communicate clearly

2.

Do the following:

(a)

Sketch a diagram showing how radio waves travel locally and around the world.

(b)

Explain how the radio stations WWV and WWVH can be used to help determine what you can expect to hear when you listen to a shortwave radio.

(c)

Explain the difference between a distant (DX) and a local station.

(d)

Discuss what the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) does and how it is different from the International Telecommunication Union.

3.

Do the following:

(a)

Draw a chart of the electromagnetic spectrum covering 300 kilohertz (kHz) to 3000 megahertz (MHz).

(b)

Label the MF, HF, VHF, UHF, and microwave portions of the spectrum on your diagram.

(c)

Locate on your chart at least eight radio services, such as AM and FM commercial broadcast, citizens band (CB), television, amateur radio (at least four amateur radio bands), and public service (police and fire).

4.

Explain how radio waves carry information. Include in your explanation: transceiver, transmitter, receiver, amplifier, and antenna.

5.

Do the following:

(a)

Explain the differences between a block diagram and a schematic diagram.

(b)

Draw a block diagram for a radio station that includes a transceiver, amplifier, microphone, antenna, and feed line.

(c)

Discuss how information is sent when using amplitude modulation (AM), frequency modulation (FM), continuous wave (CW) Morse Code transmission, single sideband (SSB) transmission, and digital transmission.

(d)

Explain how NOAA Weather Radio (NWR) can alert you to danger.

(e)

Explain how cellular telephones work. Identify their benefits and limitations in an emergency.

6.

Explain the safety precautions for working with radio gear, including the concept of grounding for direct current circuits, power outlets, and antenna systems.

7.

Visit a radio installation (an amateur radio station, broadcast station, or public service communications center, for example) approved in advance by your counselor. Discuss what types of equipment you saw in use, how it was used, what types of licenses are required to operate and maintain the equipment, and the purpose of the station.

8.

Find out about three career opportunities in radio. Pick one and find out the education, training, and experience required for this profession. Discuss this with your counselor, and explain why this profession might interest you.

9.

Do ONE of the following (a OR b OR c OR d):

(a)

Amatuer Radio

(1)

Tell why the FCC has an amateur radio service. Describe activities that amateur radio operators can do on the air, once they have earned an amateur radio license.

(2)

Explain differences between the Technician, General, and Extra Class license requirements and privileges. Explain who administers amateur radio exams.

(3)

Explain at least five Q signals or amateur radio terms.

(4)

Explain how you would make an emergency call on voice or Morse code.

(5)

Explain the differences between handheld transceivers and home "base" transceivers. Explain the uses of mobile amateur radio transceivers and amateur radio repeaters.

(6)

Using proper call signs, Q signals, and abbreviations, carry on a 10-minute real or simulated amateur radio contact using voice, Morse code, or digital mode. (Licensed amateur radio operators may substitute five QSL cards as evidence of contacts with five amateur radio operators. Properly log the real or simulated ham radio contact, and record the signal report.)

(b)

Radio Broadcasting

(1)

Discuss with your counselor FCC broadcast regulations. Include power levels, frequencies, and the regulations for low-power stations.

(2)

Prepare a program schedule for radio station "KBSA" of exactly one-half hour, including music, news, commercials, and proper station identification. Record your program on audiotape or in a digital audio format, using proper techniques.

(3)

Listen to and properly log 15 broadcast stations. Determine the program format and target audience for five of these stations.

(4)

Explain to your counselor at least eight terms used in commercial broadcasting, such as segue, cut, fade, continuity, remote, Emergency Alert System, network, cue, dead air, PSA, and play list.

(5)

Discuss with your counselor alternative radio platforms such as internet streaming, satellite radio, and podcasts.

(c)

Shortwave and Medium-Wave Listening

(1)

Listen across several shortwave bands for four one-hour periods-at least one period during daylight hours and at least one period at night. Log the stations properly and locate them geographically on a map, globe, or web-based mapping service.

(2)

Listen to several medium-wave stations for two one-hour periods, one period during daylight hours and one period at night. Log the stations properly and locate them on a map, globe, or web-based mapping service.

(3)

Compare your daytime and nighttime logs; note the frequencies on which your selected stations were loudest during each session. Explain differences in the signal strength from one period to the next.

(4)

Compare your medium-wave broadcast station logs and explain why some distant stations are heard at your location only during the night.

(5)

Demonstrate listening to a radio broadcast using a smartphone/cell phone. Include international broadcasts in your demonstration.

(d)

Amateur Radio Direction Finding

(1)

Describe amateur radio direction finding and explain why direction finding is important as both an activity and in competition.

(2)

Describe what frequencies and equipment are used for ARDF or fox hunting.

(3)

Build a simple directional antenna for either of the two frequencies used in ARDF.

(4)

Participate in a simple fox hunt using your antenna along with a provided receiver.

(5)

Show, on a map, how you located the "fox" using your receiver.