Merit Badge Workbook Merit Badge History

Nuclear Science - In-Person Class Notes

Please arrive with ample time prior to the start time of your class for registration. Remember, there will be others checking in as well that registration may take a little time, depending on the size of the class and the event held in conjunction with the class.

Your Scout uniform is required to be worn when attending this merit badge session. If you have any additional questions, please feel free to contact Brian Reiners (Scoutmater Bucky) via email at scoutmasterbucky@yahoo.com or on the phone at 612-483-0665.

Reviewing the merit badge pamphlet PRIOR to attending and doing preparation work will ensure that Scouts get the most out of these class opportunities. The merit badge pamphlet is a wealth of information that can make earning a merit badge a lot easier. It contains many of the answers and solutions needed or can at least provide direction as to where one can find the answers.

It is NOT acceptable to come unprepared to a Scoutmaster Bucky event. You can (and should) use the Scoutmaster Bucky Nuclear Science Merit Badge Workbook to help get a head start and organize your preparation work. Please note that the use of any workbook is merely for note taking and reference. Completion of any merit badge workbook does not warrant, guarantee, or confirm a Scout's completion of any merit badge requirements.

It should be noted that this merit badge class is not meant for those who just want to come and see what they can get done. It is possible to complete this merit badge by being properly prepared and having done the preparation work prior to the class. Preparation is a MUST! If you are not willing to participate to these expectations and standards, perhaps the Scoutmaster Bucky opportunity is not for you.

Things to remember to bring for this merit badge class:

  • Merit badge blue card properly filled out and signed off by your Scoutmaster
  • Nuclear Science Merit Badge Pamphlet
  • Scout uniform
  • Supporting documentation or project work pertinent to the Nuclear Science merit badge, which may also include a merit badge workbook for reference with notes
  • A positive Scouting focus and attitude

Please read and understand the Scoutmaster Bucky Blue Card Process.

Nuclear Science - Online Class Notes

Please arrive with ample time prior to the start time of your class to ensure your connection to the online session is working properly. Ask people in your household to refrain from unnecessary internet usage, including but not limited to: streaming videos, online gaming, and other heavy bandwidth usage.

You will receive a link 12 to 24 hours before the class start time. Notification will come through the email address provided during the registration process, so please make sure you enter your email correctly.

Your Scout Uniform is required to be worn when attending this Online Merit Badge session. If you have any additional questions, please feel free to contact Brian Reiners; Scoutmaster Bucky via email at scoutmasterbucky@yahoo.com or on the phone at 612-483-0665.

Reviewing the Merit Badge Pamphlet PRIOR to attending and doing preparation work will insure that Scouts get the most out of these online class opportunities. The Merit Badge Pamphlet is a wealth of information that can make earning a Merit Badge a lot easier. It contains many of the answers and solutions needed or can at least provide direction as to where one can find the answers.

It is NOT acceptable to come unprepared to a Scoutmaster Bucky event. You can (and should) use the Scoutmaster Bucky American Business Merit Badge Workbook to help get a head start and organize your preparation work. Please note that the use of any workbook is merely for note taking and reference. Completion of any Merit Badge Workbook does not warrant, guarantee, or confirm a Scouts completion of any merit badge requirement(s). You can download the Scoutmaster Bucky Nuclear Science Merit Badge Workbook for taking notes to help you prepare.

It should be noted that this Merit Badge class is not meant for those who just want to come and see what they can get done. It is possible to complete this Merit Badge by being properly prepared and having done the preparation work prior to the class. Preparation is a MUST! If you are not willing to participate to these expectations and standards, perhaps the Scoutmaster Bucky opportunity is not for you.

Nuclear Science Merit Badge
2020 Scouts BSA Requirements

Please make sure you read the top portion of this page for general participation expectations in a Scoutmaster Bucky merit badge class.

Pay careful attention to the action verbs within the requirements. An example to note:

"Tell", "explain", "describe", and "discuss" are commonly used and will require the Scout to perform these actions during the class. When these action verbs are a part of any requirement, Scouts are expected to be prepared to share. Reading responses is not acceptable since it does not fulfill the requirement of showing the Scout's knowledge and understanding.

1.

Do the following:

(a)

Tell what radiation is.

(b)

Describe the hazards of radiation to humans, the environment, and wildlife. Explain the difference between radiation exposure and contamination. In your explanation, discuss the nature and magnitude of radiation risks to humans from nuclear power, medical radiation (e.g., chest or dental X-ray), and background radiation including radon. Explain the ALARA principle and measures required by law to minimize these risks.

(c)

Describe the radiation hazard symbol and explain where it should be used. Tell why and how people must use radiation or radioactive materials carefully.

(d)

Compare the amount of radiation exposure of a nuclear power plant worker to that of someone receiving a chest and dental X-ray.

2.

Do the following:

(a)

Tell the meaning of the following: atom, nucleus, proton, neutron, electron, quark, isotope; alpha particle, beta particle, gamma ray, X-ray; ionization, radioactivity, radioisotope, and stability.

(b)

Choose an element from the periodic table. Construct 3-D models for the atoms of three isotopes of this element, showing neutrons, protons, and electrons. Use the three models to explain the difference between atomic number and mass number and the difference between the atom and nuclear and quark structures of isotopes.

3.

Do ONE of the following; then discuss modern particle physics with your counselor:

(a)

Visit an accelerator (research lab) or university where people study the properties of the nucleus or nucleons.

(b)

Name three particle accelerators and describe several experiments that each accelerator performs.

4.

Do TWO of the following; then discuss with your counselor the different kinds of radiation and how they can be used:

(a)

Build an electroscope. Show how it works. Place a radiation source inside and explain the effect it causes.

(b)

Make a cloud chamber. Show how it can be used to see the tracks caused by radiation. Explain what is happening.

(c)

Obtain a sample of irradiated and non-irradiated foods. Prepare the two foods and compare their taste and texture. Store the leftovers in separate containers and under the same conditions. For a period of 14 days, observe their rate of decomposition or spoilage, and describe the differences you see on days 5, 10, and 14.

(d)

Visit a place where radioisotopes are being used. Using a drawing, explain how and why they are used.

5.

Do ONE of the following; then discuss with your counselor the principles of radiation safety:

(a)

Using a radiation survey meter and a radioactive source, show how the counts per minute change as the source gets closer to or farther from the radiation detector. Place three different materials between the source and the detector, then explain any differences in the measurements per minute. Explain how time, distance, and shielding can reduce an individual’s radiation dose.

(b)

Describe how radon is detected in homes. Discuss the steps taken for the long-term and short-term test methods, tell how to interpret the results, and explain when each type of test should be used. Explain the health concern related to radon gas and tell what steps can be taken to reduce radon in buildings.

(c)

Visit a place where X-rays are used. Draw a floor plan of this room. Show where the unit, the unit operator, and the patient would be when the X-ray unit is operated. Explain the precautions taken and the importance of those precautions.

6.

Do ONE of the following; then discuss with your counselor how nuclear energy is used to produce electricity:

(a)

Make a drawing showing how nuclear fission happens, labeling all details. Draw another picture showing how a chain reaction could be started and how it could be stopped. Explain what is meant by a "critical mass."

(b)

Build a model of a nuclear reactor. Show the fuel, control rods, shielding, moderator, and cooling material. Explain how a reactor could be used to change nuclear energy into electrical energy or make things radioactive.

(c)

Find out how many nuclear power plants exist in the United States. Locate the one nearest your home. Find out what percentage of electricity in the United States is generated by nuclear power plants, by coal, and by gas.

7.

Give an example of each of the following in relation to how energy from an atom can be used: nuclear medicine, environmental applications, industrial applications, space exploration, and radiation therapy. For each example, explain the application and its significance to nuclear science.

8.

Find out about three career opportunities in nuclear science that interest you. Pick one and find out the education, training, and experience required for this profession and discuss this with your counselor. Tell why this profession interests you.