Merit Badge Workbook Merit Badge History

Automotive Maintenance - In-Person Class Notes

Please arrive with ample time prior to the start time of your class for registration. Remember, there will be others checking in as well that registration may take a little time, depending on the size of the class and the event held in conjunction with the class.

Your Scout uniform is required to be worn when attending this merit badge session. If you have any additional questions, please feel free to contact Brian Reiners (Scoutmater Bucky) via email at scoutmasterbucky@yahoo.com or on the phone at 612-483-0665.

Reviewing the merit badge pamphlet PRIOR to attending and doing preparation work will ensure that Scouts get the most out of these class opportunities. The merit badge pamphlet is a wealth of information that can make earning a merit badge a lot easier. It contains many of the answers and solutions needed or can at least provide direction as to where one can find the answers.

It is NOT acceptable to come unprepared to a Scoutmaster Bucky event. You can (and should) use the Scoutmaster Bucky Automotive Maintenance Merit Badge Workbook to help get a head start and organize your preparation work. Please note that the use of any workbook is merely for note taking and reference. Completion of any merit badge workbook does not warrant, guarantee, or confirm a Scout's completion of any merit badge requirements.

It should be noted that this merit badge class is not meant for those who just want to come and see what they can get done. It is possible to complete this merit badge by being properly prepared and having done the preparation work prior to the class. Preparation is a MUST! If you are not willing to participate to these expectations and standards, perhaps the Scoutmaster Bucky opportunity is not for you.

Things to remember to bring for this merit badge class:

  • Merit badge blue card properly filled out and signed off by your Scoutmaster
  • Automotive Maintenance Merit Badge Pamphlet
  • Scout uniform
  • Supporting documentation or project work pertinent to the Automotive Maintenance merit badge, which may also include a merit badge workbook for reference with notes
  • Scouts should bring a change of clothing that they don't mind getting dirty as some class work may get a little messy
  • A positive Scouting focus and attitude

Please read and understand the Scoutmaster Bucky Blue Card Process.

Automotive Maintenance - Online Class Notes

Please arrive with ample time prior to the start time of your class to ensure your connection to the online session is working properly. Ask people in your household to refrain from unnecessary internet usage, including but not limited to: streaming videos, online gaming, and other heavy bandwidth usage.

You will receive a link 12 to 24 hours before the class start time. Notification will come through the email address provided during the registration process, so please make sure you enter your email correctly.

Your Scout Uniform is required to be worn when attending this Online Merit Badge session. If you have any additional questions, please feel free to contact Brian Reiners; Scoutmaster Bucky via email at scoutmasterbucky@yahoo.com or on the phone at 612-483-0665.

Reviewing the Merit Badge Pamphlet PRIOR to attending and doing preparation work will insure that Scouts get the most out of these online class opportunities. The Merit Badge Pamphlet is a wealth of information that can make earning a Merit Badge a lot easier. It contains many of the answers and solutions needed or can at least provide direction as to where one can find the answers.

It is NOT acceptable to come unprepared to a Scoutmaster Bucky event. You can (and should) use the Scoutmaster Bucky American Business Merit Badge Workbook to help get a head start and organize your preparation work. Please note that the use of any workbook is merely for note taking and reference. Completion of any Merit Badge Workbook does not warrant, guarantee, or confirm a Scouts completion of any merit badge requirement(s). You can download the Scoutmaster Bucky Automotive Maintenance Merit Badge Workbook for taking notes to help you prepare.

It should be noted that this Merit Badge class is not meant for those who just want to come and see what they can get done. It is possible to complete this Merit Badge by being properly prepared and having done the preparation work prior to the class. Preparation is a MUST! If you are not willing to participate to these expectations and standards, perhaps the Scoutmaster Bucky opportunity is not for you.

Automotive Maintenance Merit Badge
2020 Scouts BSA Requirements

Please make sure you read the top portion of this page for general participation expectations in a Scoutmaster Bucky merit badge class.

Pay careful attention to the action verbs within the requirements. An example to note:

"Tell", "explain", "describe", and "discuss" are commonly used and will require the Scout to perform these actions during the class. When these action verbs are a part of any requirement, Scouts are expected to be prepared to share. Reading responses is not acceptable since it does not fulfill the requirement of showing the Scout's knowledge and understanding.

You will need access to a car or truck and its owner's manual to meet some requirements for this merit badge. If you do not have your own vehicle, you should work with your merit badge counselor or other trusted adult to obtain access to a vehicle and the owner's manual for that vehicle.

Those attending a Scoutmaster Bucky In-Person Class will have access to a vehicle for completion of some of the requirements under the guidance of the merit badge counselor / instructor.

Check with your parent(s) before using the family car for this merit badge. Adult supervision is required for this merit badge as well as for your own safety.

1.

Do the following:

(a)

Explain to your counselor the hazards you are most likely to encounter during automotive maintenance activities, and what you should do to anticipate, help prevent, mitigate, or lessen these hazards.

(b)

Discuss with your counselor the safety equipment, tools, and clothing used while checking or repairing a motor vehicle. Use this equipment, tools, and/or clothing (when needed or called for) in meeting the requirements for this merit badge.

2.

General Maintenance, Safety, and Registration. Do the following:

Requirements 2a, 2b, 2c, 2d, 2e, and 2f will be covered in the class. Scouts are still expected to have reviewed the sections in the merit badge pamphlet that cover these areas and have an understanding of what to expect at the class from their reading.

Scouts will need to make a video or take pictures to share in the class with the counselor / instructor to show that they can properly locate, demonstrate, and identify the different items in each of the requirement's components for consideration for sign off at the class. Just saying you did it will not be enough for the counselor to sign off.

(a)

Review the maintenance chart in the owner's manual. Explain the requirements and time limits.

(b)

Demonstrate how to check the following:

(1)

Brake fluid

(2)

Engine oil

(3)

Coolant

(4)

Power steering fluid

(5)

Windshield washer fluid

(6)

Transmission fluid

(7)

Battery fluid (if possible) and condition of the battery terminals

(c)

Locate the fuse boxes; determine the type and size of fuses. Demonstrate the proper replacement of burned-out fuses.

(d)

Demonstrate how to check the condition and tension of belts and hoses.

(e)

Check the vehicle for proper operation of its lights, including the interior overhead lights, instrument lights, warning lights, and exterior bulbs.

(f)

Locate and check the air filter(s).

(g)

Explain the purpose, importance, and limitations of safety belts and passive restraints.

(h)

Find out the requirements for your state's emissions and safety inspections (as applicable), including how often a vehicle needs to be inspected.

(i)

Explain the importance of registering a vehicle and find out the annual registration fee for renewing your family car's registration.

3.

Dashboard. Do the following:

(a)

Explain the function of the fuel gauge, speedometer, tachometer, oil pressure, and engine temperature gauge. Point each one out on the instrument cluster.

(b)

Explain the symbols that light up on the dashboard and the difference between the yellow and red symbols. Explain each of the indicators on the dashboard, using the owner's manual if necessary.

4.

Tires. Do the following:

(a)

Explain the difference between tire manufacturer's and vehicle manufacturer's specifications and show where to find them.

(b)

Demonstrate how to check tire pressure and properly inflate a tire. Check the spare tire and make sure it is ready for use.

Requirement component 4b will be reviewed in the class under the guidance of the counselor / instructor.

Scouts will need to make a video or take pictures to share in the class with the counselor / instructor to demonstrate this requirement component for consideration for sign off.

(c)

Explain why wheel alignment is important to the life of a tire. Explain caster, camber, and toe-in adjustments on wheel alignment.

(d)

Explain the purpose of the lateral-wear bar indicator.

(e)

Explain how to dispose of old tires in accordance with local laws and regulations.

5.

Engine. Do the following:

(a)

Explain how an internal combustion engine operates. Tell the differences between gasoline and diesel engines. Explain how a gasoline-electric hybrid vehicle is powered.

(b)

Discuss the purpose of engine oil. Explain the API service code, the SAE number, and the viscosity rating.

(c)

Explain where to find the recommended oil type and the amount of oil to be used in the vehicle engine.

6.

Cooling System. Do the following:

(a)

Explain the need for coolant in the cooling system, and the importance of selecting the correct coolant type for a given vehicle.

(b)

Explain how to flush and change the engine coolant in the vehicle, and how to properly dispose of the used coolant.

7.

Fuel System. Do the following:

(a)

Explain how the air and fuel systems work together and why it is necessary to have an air filter and fuel filter.

(b)

Explain how a how a fuel injection system works and how an onboard computer works with the fuel injection system.

8.

Ignition and Electrical Systems. Do the following:

(a)

Diagram and explain the parts of the electrical system.

While this requirement component will be reviewed in the class, it is recommended that Scouts prepare their diagram prior to the class.

Scouts will need to prepare their diagram prior to the class and have it ready to share during the class. No time will be allotted during the class for Scouts to work on this requirement component, however time will be allotted to review Scouts work that come to the class prepared with their diagram.

(b)

Explain the engine's firing order.

(c)

Explain the purpose of the spark gap.

(d)

Demonstrate how to safely connect jumper cables to your car battery.

Requirement component 8d will be reviewed in the class under the guidance of the counselor / instructor.

Scouts will need to make a video or take pictures to share in the class with the counselor / instructor to demonstrate this requirement component for consideration for sign off.

9.

Drive Train. Do the following:

(a)

Diagram the drive train and explain the different parts.

While this requirement component will be reviewed in the class, it is recommended that Scouts prepare their diagram prior to the class.

Scouts will need to prepare their diagram prior to the class and have it ready to share during the class. No time will be allotted during the class for Scouts to work on this requirement component, however time will be allotted to review Scouts work that come to the class prepared with their diagram.

(b)

Explain the difference between automatic and standard transmissions.

(c)

Explain the types of automatic transmission fluid.

(d)

Explain the types of lubricants used in a standard transmission, and in the differential and transfer case.

(e)

Explain the difference between front-wheel, rear- wheel, and four-wheel drive.

10.

Brake System. Do the following:

(a)

Explain the brake system (including antilock systems) and how it operates.

(b)

Explain the differences between disc and drum systems.

(c)

Demonstrate how to check the condition of a vehicle's brake system. After checking, make recommendations for repairs (if necessary).

Requirement component 10c will be reviewed in the class under the guidance of the counselor / instructor.

Scouts will need to make a video or take pictures to share in the class with the counselor / instructor to demonstrate this requirement component for consideration for sign off.

11.

Do TWO of the following:

Scouts will complete requirements 11c and 11d as a part of the class under the guidance of the counselor / instructor. Scouts should come prepared with an understanding of these two requirement components.

Scouts having completed or choosing to work on 11a or 11b ahead of time are encouraged to do so and bring their completed work for review by the counselor / instructor at the end of the class. All Scouts will do requirement components 11c and 11d during the class even if they chose to do 11a and 11b.

Scouts will need to choose two of the requirement components to work on prior to the class and to bring appropriate proof of work to share with the counselor / instructor. Be Prepared.

(a)

Determine the value of three different vehicles you are interested in purchasing. One must be new and one must be used; the third vehicle can be new or used. For each vehicle, find out the requirements and cost of automobile insurance to include basic liability and options for collision, comprehensive, towing, and rental car. Using the three vehicles you chose and with your merit badge counselor's assistance, complete the operation/maintenance chart provided in the merit badge pamphlet. Use this information to determine the operating cost per mile for each vehicle, and discuss what you learn with your counselor.

(b)

Choose a car cleaner and wax product for a vehicle you want to clean. Explain clear-coat paint and the precautions necessary for care. Clean the vehicle, both inside and out, and wax the exterior. Use a vinyl and rubber protectant (on vinyl tops, rubber door seals, sidewalls, etc.) and explain the importance of this protectant.

(c)

Locate the manufacturer's jack. Use the jack to demonstrate how to engage the jack correctly on the vehicle, then change a tire correctly.

(d)

Perform an oil filter and oil change on a vehicle. Explain how to properly dispose of the used oil and filter.

12.

Find out about three career opportunities in the automotive industry. Pick one and find out the education, training, and experience required for this profession. Discuss this with your counselor, and explain why this profession might interest you.