Merit Badge Workbook Merit Badge History

Archaeology - In-Person Class Notes

Please arrive with ample time prior to the start time of your class for registration. Remember, there will be others checking in as well that registration may take a little time, depending on the size of the class and the event held in conjunction with the class.

Your Scout uniform is required to be worn when attending this merit badge session. If you have any additional questions, please feel free to contact Brian Reiners (Scoutmater Bucky) via email at scoutmasterbucky@yahoo.com or on the phone at 612-483-0665.

Reviewing the merit badge pamphlet PRIOR to attending and doing preparation work will ensure that Scouts get the most out of these class opportunities. The merit badge pamphlet is a wealth of information that can make earning a merit badge a lot easier. It contains many of the answers and solutions needed or can at least provide direction as to where one can find the answers.

It is NOT acceptable to come unprepared to a Scoutmaster Bucky event. You can (and should) use the Scoutmaster Bucky Archaeology Merit Badge Workbook to help get a head start and organize your preparation work. Please note that the use of any workbook is merely for note taking and reference. Completion of any merit badge workbook does not warrant, guarantee, or confirm a Scout's completion of any merit badge requirements.

It should be noted that this merit badge class is not meant for those who just want to come and see what they can get done. It is possible to complete this merit badge by being properly prepared and having done the preparation work prior to the class. Preparation is a MUST! If you are not willing to participate to these expectations and standards, perhaps the Scoutmaster Bucky opportunity is not for you.

Things to remember to bring for this merit badge class:

  • Merit badge blue card properly filled out and signed off by your Scoutmaster
  • Archaeology Merit Badge Pamphlet
  • Scout uniform
  • Supporting documentation or project work pertinent to the Archaeology merit badge, which may also include a merit badge workbook for reference with notes
  • A positive Scouting focus and attitude

Please read and understand the Scoutmaster Bucky Blue Card Process.

Archaeology - Online Class Notes

Please arrive with ample time prior to the start time of your class to ensure your connection to the online session is working properly. Ask people in your household to refrain from unnecessary internet usage, including but not limited to: streaming videos, online gaming, and other heavy bandwidth usage.

You will receive a link 12 to 24 hours before the class start time. Notification will come through the email address provided during the registration process, so please make sure you enter your email correctly.

Your Scout Uniform is required to be worn when attending this Online Merit Badge session. If you have any additional questions, please feel free to contact Brian Reiners; Scoutmaster Bucky via email at scoutmasterbucky@yahoo.com or on the phone at 612-483-0665.

Reviewing the Merit Badge Pamphlet PRIOR to attending and doing preparation work will insure that Scouts get the most out of these online class opportunities. The Merit Badge Pamphlet is a wealth of information that can make earning a Merit Badge a lot easier. It contains many of the answers and solutions needed or can at least provide direction as to where one can find the answers.

It is NOT acceptable to come unprepared to a Scoutmaster Bucky event. You can (and should) use the Scoutmaster Bucky American Business Merit Badge Workbook to help get a head start and organize your preparation work. Please note that the use of any workbook is merely for note taking and reference. Completion of any Merit Badge Workbook does not warrant, guarantee, or confirm a Scouts completion of any merit badge requirement(s). You can download the Scoutmaster Bucky Archaeology Merit Badge Workbook for taking notes to help you prepare.

It should be noted that this Merit Badge class is not meant for those who just want to come and see what they can get done. It is possible to complete this Merit Badge by being properly prepared and having done the preparation work prior to the class. Preparation is a MUST! If you are not willing to participate to these expectations and standards, perhaps the Scoutmaster Bucky opportunity is not for you.

Archaeology Merit Badge
2020 Scouts BSA Requirements

Please make sure you read the top portion of this page for general participation expectations in a Scoutmaster Bucky merit badge class.

Pay careful attention to the action verbs within the requirements. An example to note:

"Tell", "explain", "describe", and "discuss" are commonly used and will require the Scout to perform these actions during the class. When these action verbs are a part of any requirement, Scouts are expected to be prepared to share. Reading responses is not acceptable since it does not fulfill the requirement of showing the Scout's knowledge and understanding.

1.

Tell what archaeology is and explain to your counselor how it differs or relates to other fields of study such as anthropology, geology, paleontology, and history. Explain how archaeology is different than artifact collecting or treasure hunting.

2.

Describe each of the following steps of the archaeological process: site location, development of background research and a research design, site survey and fieldwork, artifact identification and examination, interpretation, preservation, and information sharing.

3.

Describe at least two ways in which archaeologists determine the age of sites, structures, or artifacts. Explain what absolute dating and relative dating are.

4.

Learn about a combined total of five archaeological sites located both within and outside the United States.

(a)

For EACH site you research, point it out on a map and explain how it was discovered. Describe some of the information about the past that has been found at each site. Explain how the information gained from the study of these sites answers questions that archaeologists are asking and how the information may be important to modern people. Compare the relative ages of the sites you research.

(b)

Choose ONE of the sites you picked and give a short presentation about your findings to a Cub Scout pack, your Scout troop, your school class, or another group.

Choose one of the sites from Requirement 4a and prepare a short presentation. Pictures are always helpful if you are able to add those to your research data for sharing. Ample time will be given during the class for all Scouts to share their findings and presentation during the class. The counselor will likely have additional insight to the sites presented as well as some from their own experiences.

5.

Do the following:

(a)

Learn about the federal laws and international conventions that protect archaeological sites. Find out if your state, county, or local government has regulations that apply to archaeological or historic sites.

(b)

Identify a national, international, or local organization that helps to protect archaeological sites.

6.

Do the following:

(a)

Explain why it is important to protect archaeological sites.

(b)

Explain what people should do if they think they have found an artifact.

(c)

Describe the ways in which you can be a protector of the past.

7.

Do ONE of the following and discuss your findings with your counselor.

(a)

Visit a museum to observe how artifacts aid in conveying history.

(b)

Present to your counselor a significant family artifact/heirloom and discuss its history.

(c)

Make a list of the trash your family throws out during one week. Discuss with your counselor what archaeologists might learn about you and your family if they found your trash a thousand years from now.

8.

Do either A or B of the following:

(a)

With your parent's and counselor's permission, assist a qualified archaeologist for at least eight hours with a project being worked on. Projects may include surveying, site monitoring, site stabilization, excavation, laboratory analysis, use of digital archaeological technology, or public outreach. Describe your involvement in the project, what you learned about archaeology, and the steps of archaeological inquiry.

Note: Visiting an archaeological site will require advance planning. An archaeological site during study can be a dangerous place. While there, you will need to closely follow the archaeologist's directions and comply with all the safety procedures. Be aware of the changing conditions at the site.

(b)

With your counselor's approval, take part in a simulated archaeological project designed by a qualified archaeologist. The project must include the use of a simulated archaeological site including artifacts and features for the site. Using the steps of archaeological inquiry, analyze the "artifacts and features" and document the spatial relationships of the "artifacts and features" at the simulated site.

Explain how the environment and time can affect the interpretation of an artifact and the overall archaeological site. Tell how you would share the results of your analysis with other researchers and the public.

Note: To find out how to make a simulated archaeological site, talk with a professional archaeologist, trained avocational archaeologist, museum school instructor, junior high or high school science teacher, advisor from a local archaeology society, or other qualified instructor.

While this requirement will likely be covered in the class (option b), it cannot be guaranteed that the arranged counselor will complete this requirement in the class. Every effort will be made to support as much of this requirement as possible during the class. Scouts should review their merit badge pamphlet and come with an understanding for discussion in the class. If Scouts have been a part of an archaeological dig, they should bring evidence of this participation and notes to share with the counselor and class for consideration on option a of this requirement.

Scouts may work on this prior to the class, but please note that the counselor reserves the right to accept or deny your work on the basis of meeting the expectations of this requirement to their satisfaction. Make sure your work is within the specifications of the selected requirement component's focus and be prepared to share your work.

Scouts not having done preparation work on this requirement will have an opportunity to review options with the counselor to pursue after the class.

This requirement will NOT be covered in the class however if Scouts have been a part of an archaeological dig or archaeological project, as specified in one of the requirement options, they should bring evidence of this participation. Time will be allotted during the class to share their work and experience for consideration of sign off on this requirement.

9.

Under the supervision of a qualified archaeologist or instructor, do ONE of the following:

(a)

Help prepare an archaeological exhibit for display in a museum, visitor center, school, or other public area.

(b)

Use the methods of experimental archaeology to re-create an item or to practice a skill from the past. Write a brief report explaining the experiment and its results.

Option b will be covered during the class with the assistance of the merit badge counselor. Scouts are still expected to have reviewed the merit badge pamphlet and other sources for an understanding prior to the class of the methods and practices that could and should be utilized for successful completion of this requirement. Please note that there is a writing aspect to this requirement and Scouts will need to be able to perform this task as a part of the class for consideration of completion during the class.

Scouts may work on this prior to the class, but please note that the counselor reserves the right to accept or deny your work on the basis of meeting the expectations of this requirement to their satisfaction. Make sure your work is within the specifications of the selected requirement component's focus and be prepared to share your work.

Scouts not having done preparation work on this requirement will have an opportunity to review options with the counselor to pursue after the class.

This requirement will NOT be covered in the class however if Scouts have performed the work for one of these requirement components, time will be allotted during the class to share their work for consideration of sign off on this requirement.

10.

Research a group of people who lived in your area more than 100 years ago. Find out about their ways of life, including housing, clothing, arts and crafts, tools, trade and markets, rituals and religions, and diets, and their relationships with other groups of people in the area. Describe what you would expect to find at an archaeological site where these people lived. Explain how these people influenced your current community.

11.

Identify three career opportunities in archaeology. Pick one and explain how to prepare for such a career. Discuss with your counselor what education and training are required, and explain why this profession might interest you.