Merit Badge Requirements Merit Badge History
Railroading Merit Badge Workbook
This Scoutmaster Bucky Merit Badge Workbook is based off the 2021 Scouts BSA Requirements.
Type your work on this page or download the Railroading Workbook PDF.

Consider also using the Railroading merit badge class preparation page for clarification and expections when participating in a Scoutmaster Bucky merit badge opportunity (online or in-person).

Scout's Name:
Requirement 1: Do THREE of the following:
Requirement 1a: Name three types of modern freight trains. Explain why unit trains are more efficient than mixed freight trains.
Requirement 1b: Name one class I or regional railroad. Explain what major cities it serves, the locations of major terminals, service facilities, and crew change points, and the major commodities it carries.
Requirement 1c: Using models or pictures, identify 10 types of railroad freight or passenger cars. Explain the purpose of each type of car.
Requirement 1d: Explain how a modern diesel or electric locomotive develops power. Explain the terms dynamic braking and radial steering trucks.
Requirement 2: Do the following:
Requirement 2a: Explain the purpose and formation of Amtrak. Explain, by the use of a timetable, a plan for making a trip by rail between two cities at least 500 miles apart. List the times of departure and arrival at your destination, the train number and name, and the types of service you want.
Requirement 2b: List and explain the various forms of public/mass transit using rail.
Requirement 3: Do ONE of the following:
Requirement 3a: Name four departments of a railroad company. Describe what each department does.
Requirement 3b: Tell about the opportunities in railroading that interest you most and why.
Requirement 3c: Name four rail support industries. Describe the function of each one.
Requirement 3d: With your parent's and counselor's approval, interview someone employed in the rail industry. Learn what that person does and how this person became interested in railroading. Find out what type of schooling and training are required for this position.
Requirement 4: Explain the purpose of Operation Lifesaver and its mission.
Requirement 5: Do THREE of the following:
Requirement 5a: List five safety precautions that help make trains safer for workers and passengers.
Requirement 5b: Explain to your merit badge counselor why safety around rights-of-way is important.
Requirement 5c: List 10 safety tips to remember when you are near a railroad track (either on the ground or on a station platform) or aboard a train.
Requirement 5d: Tell your counselor about the guidelines for conduct that should be followed when you are near or on railroad property. Explain the dangers of trespassing on railroad property.
Requirement 5e: Tell what an automobile driver can do to safely operate a car at grade crossings, and list three things an automobile driver should never do at a grade crossing.
Requirement 5f: Tell how to report a malfunction of grade crossing warning devices.
Requirement 5g: List safety precautions a pedestrian should follow at a public crossing.
Requirement 6: Explain the appearance and meaning of the following warning signs and devices: advance warning sign, pavement markings, crossbucks, flashing red lights, crossing gates.
Requirement 7: Do EACH of the following:
Requirement 7a: Explain how railroad signals operate and show two basic signal types using color or configuration.
Requirement 7b: Explain the meaning of three horn signals.
Requirement 7c: Describe a way to signal a train for an emergency stop.
Requirement 7d: Explain the use and function of the EOTD (end-of-train device) or FRED (flashing rear end device) used on the last car of most trains.
Requirement 8: Select ONE of the following special-interest areas and complete the requirements.
Requirement 8a: **Model Railroading**

With your parent's and counselor's approval, do TWO of the following:

Requirement 8a1: Draw a layout of your own model railroad or one that could be built in your home. Design a point-to-point track or loop with different routings. Include one of the following: turnaround or terminal or yard or siding.
Requirement 8a2: Build one model railroad car kit or one locomotive kit.
Requirement 8a3: Name the scale of four popular model railroad gauges. Identify the scale of four model cars or locomotives.
Requirement 8a4: Locate the Web site of four model railroad – related manufacturers or magazine publishers. Print information on their products and services and discuss the information with your counselor.
Requirement 8a5: Build one railroad structure (from scratch or using a kit), paint and weather the structure, mount it on your layout or diorama, and make the surrounding area on a diorama scenic.
Requirement 8a6: Alone or with others, build a model railroad or modular layout including ballast and scenery. Make electrical connections and operate a train. Describe what you enjoyed most.
Requirement 8a7: Participate in a switching contest on a timesaver layout and record your time.
Requirement 8a8: Explain the difference between powering and controlling a model railroad by using direct current, and powering and controlling a model railroad using digital command control.
Requirement 8b: **Railfanning**

With your parent's and counselor's approval, do TWO of the following:

Requirement 8b1: Visit a railroad museum, historical display, or a prototype railroad-sponsored public event. With permission, photograph, videotape, or sketch items of interest. Explain what you saw and describe your photos, sketches, or videotape.
Requirement 8b2: Purchase tickets and ride a scenic or historic railroad. Under supervision, photograph the equipment and discuss with your counselor the historic significance of the operation.
Requirement 8b3: Locate the Web site of four rail historical groups, then find information on the history of the rail preservation operations and purpose of each group. Talk with a member of one of the groups and find out how you might help.
Requirement 8b4: Plan a trip by rail between two points. Obtain a schedule and explain when the train should arrive at two intermediate points. Purchase the tickets and make the trip. Explain to your counselor what you saw.