Requirement 1: Before doing requirements 3 through 15, review with your counselor the principles of Safe Swim Defense.
Requirement 2: Before doing requirements 3 through 15:
Requirement 2a: Earn the [Swimming merit badge](../swimming/).
Requirement 1a5b: Swim continuously for 400 yards using each of the following strokes in a strong manner, in good form with rhythmic breathing, for at least 50 continuous yards: front crawl, sidestroke, breaststroke, and elementary backstroke.
Requirement 3: Explain the following:
Requirement 3a: Common drowning situations and how to prevent them.
Requirement 3b: How to identify persons in the water who need assistance.
Requirement 3c: The order of methods in water rescue.
Requirement 3d: How rescue techniques vary depending on the setting and the condition of the person needing assistance.
Requirement 3e: Situations for which in-water rescues should not be undertaken.
Requirement 4: Demonstrate "reaching" rescues using various items such as arms, legs, towels, shirts, paddles, and poles.
Requirement 5: Demonstrate "throwing" rescues using various items such as lines, ring buoys, rescue bags, and free-floating supports. Successfully place at least one such aid within reach of a practice victim 25 feet from shore.
Requirement 6: With your counselor's approval, view in-person or on video a rowing rescue performed using a rowboat, canoe, kayak, or stand up paddleboard. Discuss with your counselor how effectively and efficiently the rescue was performed.
Requirement 7: List various items that can be used as aids in a "go" rescue. Explain why buoyant aids are preferred.
Requirement 8: Correctly demonstrate rescues of a conscious practice subject 30 feet from shore in deep water using two types of buoyant aids provided by your counselor. Use a proper entry and a strong approach stroke. Speak to the subject to determine his or her condition and to provide instructions and encouragement.
Requirement 8a: Present one aid to a subject, release it, and swim at a safe distance as the subject moves to safety.
Requirement 8b: In a separate rescue, present the other aid to a subject and use it to tow the subject to safety.
Requirement 9: Discuss with your counselor when it is appropriate to remove heavy clothing before attempting a swimming rescue. Remove street clothes in 20 seconds or less, enter the water, and approach a conscious practice subject 30 feet from shore in deep water. Speak to the subject and use a nonbuoyant aid, such as a shirt or towel, to tow the subject to safety.
Requirement 10: Discuss with your counselor the importance of avoiding contact with an active subject and demonstrate lead-and-wait techniques.
Requirement 11: Perform the following nonequipment rescues for a conscious practice subject 30 feet from shore. Begin in the water from a position near the subject. Speak to the subject to determine his or her condition and to provide instructions and encouragement..
Requirement 11a: Perform an armpit tow for a calm, responsive, tired swimmer resting with a back float.
Requirement 11b: Perform a cross-chest carry for an exhausted, responsive subject treading water.
Requirement 12: In deep water, show how to escape from a victim's grasp on your wrist. Repeat for front and rear holds about the head and shoulders.
Requirement 13: Perform the following rescues for an unconscious practice subject at or near the surface 30 feet from shore. Use a proper entry and strong approach stroke. Speak to the subject and splash water on the subject to determine his or her condition before making contact. Quickly remove the victim from the water, with assistance if needed, and position for CPR.
Requirement 13a: Perform an equipment assist using a buoyant aid.
Requirement 13b: Perform a front approach and wrist tow.
Requirement 13c: Perform a rear approach and armpit tow.
Requirement 14: Discuss with your counselor how to respond if a victim submerges before being reached by a rescuer, and do the following:
Requirement 14a: Recover a 10-pound weight in 8 to 10 feet of water using a feetfirst surface dive.
Requirement 14b: Repeat using a headfirst surface dive.
Requirement 15: Demonstrate management of a spinal injury to your counselor:
Requirement 15a: Discuss the causes, signs, and symptoms of a spinal injury.
Requirement 15b: Support a faceup subject in calm water of standing depth.
Requirement 15c: Turn a subject from a facedown to a faceup position in water of standing depth while maintaining support
Requirement 16: Demonstrate knowledge of resuscitation procedures:
Requirement 16a: Describe how to recognize the need for rescue breathing and CPR.
Requirement 16b: Demonstrate CPR knowledge and skills, including rescue breathing, consistent with current guidelines.
Requirement 17: With your counselor, discuss causes, prevention, and treatment of other injuries or illnesses that could occur while swimming or boating, including hypothermia, dehydration, heat-related illnesses, muscle cramps, sunburn, stings, and hyperventilation.