Merit Badge Requirements Merit Badge History
Shotgun Shooting Merit Badge Workbook
This Scoutmaster Bucky Merit Badge Workbook is based off the 2020 Scouts BSA Requirements.
Type your work on this page or download the Shotgun Shooting Workbook PDF.

Consider also using the Shotgun Shooting merit badge class preparation page for clarification and expections when participating in a Scoutmaster Bucky merit badge opportunity (online or in-person).

https://scoutmasterbucky.com/merit-badges/shotgun-shooting/

Scout's Name:
Requirement 1: Do the following:
Requirement 1a: Explain why BB and pellet air guns must always be treated with the same respect as firearms.
Requirement 1b: Describe how you would react if a friend visiting your home asked to see your or your family's firearm(s).
Requirement 1c: Explain the need for and use and types of eye and hearing protection.
Requirement 1d: Explain the main points of the laws for owning and using guns in your community and state.
Requirement 1e: Explain how hunting is related to the wise use of renewable wildlife resources.
Requirement 1f: Successfully complete a state hunter education course, or obtain a copy of the hunting laws for your state, then do the following.
Requirement 1f1: Explain the main points of hunting laws in your state and give any special laws on the use of guns and ammunition, and
Requirement 1f2: List the kinds of wildlife that can be legally hunted in your state.
Requirement 1g: Explain to your counselor the proper hygienic guidelines used in shooting.
Requirement 1h: Identify and explain three shotgun sports. Identify places in your community where you could shoot these sports and explain how you can join or be a part of shooting sports activities.
Requirement 1i: Give your counselor a list of sources that you could contact for information on firearms and their use.
Requirement 2: Do ONE of the following options:

Shotgun Shooting (Modern Shotshell Type) Option A

Requirement 2a: Identify the principal parts of a shotgun, action types, and how they function.
Requirement 2b: Identify and demonstrate the rules for safely handling a shotgun.
Requirement 2c: Identify the parts of a shotgun shell and their functions.
Requirement 2d: Identify the various gauges of shotguns. Explain which one you would pick for use and why.
Requirement 2e: Identify and explain the fundamentals of safely shooting a shotgun. Explain what a misfire, hangfire, and squib fire are, and explain the procedures to follow in response to each.
Requirement 2f: Identify and explain each rule for safely shooting a shotgun.
Requirement 2g: Demonstrate the knowledge, skills, and attitude necessary to safely shoot moving targets, using the fundamentals of shotgun shooting.
Requirement 2h: Identify the materials needed to clean a shotgun.
Requirement 2i: Demonstrate how to clean a shotgun safely.
Requirement 2j: Discuss what points you would consider in selecting a shotgun.
Requirement 2k: Shooting score required – Hit at least 12 (48 percent) out of 25 targets in two 25-target groups. The two groups need not be shot in consecutive order. A minimum of 50 shots must be fired.

Shooting skill rules:

  • Targets may be thrown by a hand trap, manual mechanical, or on any trap or skeet field. Note: If using a hand trap or manual mechanical trap, the trap operator should be at least five feet to the right and three feet to the rear of the shooter. If throwing left-handed with a hand trap this should be reversed.

  • All targets should be thrown at a reasonable speed and in the same direction.

  • Targets should be generally thrown so as to climb in the air after leaving the trap.

  • Scores may be fired at any time, either in formal competition or in practice.

  • Any gauge shotgun not exceeding 12 gauge may be used.

  • Standard clay targets customarily used for trap and skeet are to be used.

  • Any ammunition, either factory or hand loaded, may be used.

  • Shooters must shoot in rounds of 25. Rounds need not be shot continuously or on the same day (the term "round" refers to a single series of 25 shots).

Muzzle-Loading Shotgun Shooting Option B

Requirement 2a: Discuss a brief history of the development of the muzzle-loading shotgun.
Requirement 2b: Identify principal parts of percussion and flintlock shotguns and discuss how they function.
Requirement 2c: Demonstrate and explain the rules of safely handling a muzzleloading shotgun.
Requirement 2d: Identify the various grades of black powder and their proper and safe use.
Requirement 2e: Discuss proper safety procedures pertaining to black powder use and storage.
Requirement 2f: Discuss proper components of a load.
Requirement 2g: Identify proper procedures and accessories used for safely loading a muzzleloading shotgun.
Requirement 2h: Demonstrate the knowledge, skills, and attitude necessary to safely shoot a muzzleloading shotgun on a range, including range procedures. Explain what a misfire, hangfire, and squib fire are, and explain the procedures to follow in response to each.
Requirement 2i: Shoot a moving target with a muzzle-loading shotgun using the five fundamentals of firing the shot.
Requirement 2j: Identify the materials needed to clean a muzzle-loading shotgun properly and safely.
Requirement 2k: Demonstrate how to clean to clear a muzzleloading shotgun’s failure to fire and explain or demonstrate proper preventative procedures.
Requirement 2l: Identify the causes of a muzzleloading shotgun's failing to fire and explain or demonstrate proper correction procedures.
Requirement 2m: Discuss what points you would consider if selecting a muzzle-loading shotgun.
Requirement 2n: Shooting score required – Hit at least five out of 15 targets in each of two 15-target groups. The two groups need not be shot in consecutive order. A minimum of 30 shots must be fired.

Shooting skill rules:

  • Targets may be thrown by a hand trap, manual mechanical, or on any trap or skeet field. Note: If using a hand trap or manual mechanical trap, the trap operator should be at least five feet to the right and three feet to the rear of the shooter. If throwing left-handed with a hand trap this should be reversed.

  • All targets should be thrown at a reasonable speed and in the same direction.

  • Targets should be generally thrown so as to climb in the air after leaving the trap.

  • Scores may be fired at any time, either in formal competition or in practice.

  • Any gauge shotgun not exceeding 10 gauge may be used.

  • Standard clay targets customarily used for trap and skeet are to be used.

  • On a standard trap field, the shooter should be positioned 8 yards behind the trap house. The trap should be set to throw only straightaway targets.

  • On a skeet field, use station 7 low house.