Merit Badge Requirements Merit Badge History
Rifle Shooting Merit Badge Workbook
This Scoutmaster Bucky Merit Badge Workbook is based off the 2020 Scouts BSA Requirements.
Type your work on this page or download the Rifle Shooting Workbook PDF.

Consider also using the Rifle Shooting merit badge class preparation page for clarification and expections when participating in a Scoutmaster Bucky merit badge opportunity (online or in-person).

https://scoutmasterbucky.com/merit-badges/rifle-shooting/

Scout's Name:
Requirement 1: Do the following:
Requirement 1a: Explain why BB and pellet air guns must always be treated with the same respect as firearms.
Requirement 1b: Describe how you would react if a friend visiting your home asked to see your or your family's firearm(s).
Requirement 1c: Explain the need for, and use and types of, eye and hearing protection. Demonstrate their proper use.
Requirement 1d: Give the main points of the laws for owning and using guns in your community and state.
Requirement 1e: Explain how hunting is related to the wise use of renewable wildlife resources.
Requirement 1f: Successfully complete a state hunter education course or obtain a copy of the hunting laws for your state, then do the following:
Requirement 11: Explain the main points of hunting laws in your state and give any special laws on the use of guns and ammunition.
Requirement 12: List the kinds of wildlife that can be legally hunted in your state.
Requirement 1g: Identify and explain how you can join or be a part of shooting sports activities.
Requirement 1h: Explain to your counselor the proper hygienic guidelines used in shooting.
Requirement 1i: Give your counselor a list of sources that you could contact for information on firearms and their uses.
Requirement 2: Do ONE of the following options:

Option A – Rifle Shooting (Modern cartridge type)

Requirement 2a: Identify the three main parts of a rifle, and tell how they function.
Requirement 2b: Identify and demonstrate the three fundamental rules for safe gun handling.
Requirement 2c: Identify the two types of cartridges, their parts, and how they function.
Requirement 2d: Explain to your counselor what a misfire, hangfire, and squib fire are, and explain the procedures to follow in response to each.
Requirement 2e: Identify and demonstrate the five fundamentals of shooting a rifle safely.
Requirement 2f: Explain to your counselor the fundamental rules for safe gun handling. Explain each rule for using and storing a gun. Identify and explain each rule for safe shooting.
Requirement 2g: Explain the range commands and range procedures.
Requirement 2h: Demonstrate the knowledge, skills, and attitude necessary to safely shoot a rifle from the bench rest position or supported prone position while using the five fundamentals of rifle shooting.
Requirement 2i: Identify the basic safety rules for cleaning a rifle, and identify the materials needed.
Requirement 2j: Demonstrate how to clean a rifle properly and safely.
Requirement 2k: Discuss what points you would consider in selecting a rifle.
Requirement 2l: Using a .22 caliber rimfire rifle and shooting from a bench rest or supported prone position at 50 feet, fire five groups (three shots per group) that can be covered by a quarter. Using these targets, explain how to adjust sights to zero a rifle.
Requirement 2m: Adjust sights to center the group on the target* and fire five groups (five shots per group). According to the target used, each shot in the group must meet the following minimum score: (1) A-32 targets – 9; (2) A-17 or TQ-1 targets – 7; (3) A-36 targets – 5.

Option B – Air Rifle Shooting (BB or pellet)

Requirement 2a: Identify the three main parts of an air rifle, and tell how they function.
Requirement 2b: Identify and demonstrate the three fundamental rules for safe gun handling.
Requirement 2c: Explain the range commands and range procedures.
Requirement 2d: Identify the two most common types of air rifle ammunition.
Requirement 2e: Identify and demonstrate the five fundamentals of shooting a rifle safely.
Requirement 2f: Identify and explain each rule for shooting an air rifle safely.
Requirement 2g: Demonstrate the knowledge, skills and attitude necessary to safely shoot a target from the bench rest position or supported prone position while using the five fundamentals of rifle shooting.
Requirement 2h: Identify the basic safety rules for cleaning an air rifle, and identify the materials needed.
Requirement 2i: Demonstrate how to clean an air rifle safely.
Requirement 2j: Discuss what points you would consider in selecting an air rifle.
Requirement 2k: Using a BB gun or pellet air rifle and shooting from a bench rest or supported prone position at 15 feet for BB guns or 33 feet for air rifles, fire five groups (three shots per group) that can be covered by a quarter.
Requirement 2l: Adjust sights to center the group on the target and fire five groups (five shots per group). According to the target used, each shot in the group must meet the following minimum score: (1) BB rifle at 15 feet or 5 meters using TQ – 5 targets – 8; (2) Pellet air rifle at 25 feet using TQ – 5 targets – 8, at 33 feet or 10 meters using AR-1 targets – 6.

Option C – Muzzleloading Rifle Shooting

Requirement 2a: Give a brief history of the development of muzzleloading rifles.
Requirement 2b: Identify principal parts of percussion and flintlock rifles and discuss how they function.
Requirement 2c: Demonstrate and discuss the safe handling of muzzleloading rifles.
Requirement 2d: Identify the various grades of black powder and black powder substitutes and explain their proper use.
Requirement 2e: Discuss proper safety procedures pertaining to black powder use and storage.
Requirement 2f: Discuss proper components of a load.
Requirement 2g: Identify proper procedures and accessories used for loading a muzzleloading rifle.
Requirement 2h: Demonstrate the knowledge, skills, and attitude necessary to safely shoot a muzzleloading rifle on a range, including range procedures.
Requirement 2i: Shoot a target with a muzzleloading rifle using the five fundamentals of firing the shot.
Requirement 2j: Identify the materials needed to clean a muzzleloading rifle safely. Using these materials, demonstrate how to clean a muzzleloading rifle safely.
Requirement 2k: Identify the causes of a muzzleloading rifle's failure to fire and explain or demonstrate proper correction procedures.
Requirement 2l: Discuss what points you would consider in selecting a muzzleloading rifle.
Requirement 2m: Using a muzzleloading rifle of .45 or .50 caliber and shooting from a bench rest or supported prone position, fire three groups (three shots per group) at 50 feet that can be covered by the base of a standard-size soft drink can.
Requirement 2n: Center the group on the target and fire three groups (five shots per group). According to the target used, each shot in the group must meet the following minimum score: (1) at 25 yards using NRA A-23 or NMLRA 50-yard targets – 7; (2) at 50 yards using NRA A-25 or NMLRA 100-yard targets – 7.