Merit Badge Workbook Merit Badge History

Medicine - In-Person Class Notes

Please arrive with ample time prior to the start time of your class for registration. Remember, there will be others checking in as well that registration may take a little time, depending on the size of the class and the event held in conjunction with the class.

Your Scout uniform is required to be worn when attending this merit badge session. If you have any additional questions, please feel free to contact Brian Reiners (Scoutmater Bucky) via email at scoutmasterbucky@yahoo.com or on the phone at 612-483-0665.

Reviewing the merit badge pamphlet PRIOR to attending and doing preparation work will ensure that Scouts get the most out of these class opportunities. The merit badge pamphlet is a wealth of information that can make earning a merit badge a lot easier. It contains many of the answers and solutions needed or can at least provide direction as to where one can find the answers.

It is NOT acceptable to come unprepared to a Scoutmaster Bucky event. You can (and should) use the Scoutmaster Bucky Medicine Merit Badge Workbook to help get a head start and organize your preparation work. Please note that the use of any workbook is merely for note taking and reference. Completion of any merit badge workbook does not warrant, guarantee, or confirm a Scout's completion of any merit badge requirements.

It should be noted that this merit badge class is not meant for those who just want to come and see what they can get done. It is possible to complete this merit badge by being properly prepared and having done the preparation work prior to the class. Preparation is a MUST! If you are not willing to participate to these expectations and standards, perhaps the Scoutmaster Bucky opportunity is not for you.

Things to remember to bring for this merit badge class:

  • Merit badge blue card properly filled out and signed off by your Scoutmaster
  • Medicine Merit Badge Pamphlet
  • Scout uniform
  • Supporting documentation or project work pertinent to the Medicine merit badge, which may also include a merit badge workbook for reference with notes
  • A positive Scouting focus and attitude

Please read and understand the Scoutmaster Bucky Blue Card Process.

Medicine - Online Class Notes

Please arrive with ample time prior to the start time of your class to ensure your connection to the online session is working properly. Ask people in your household to refrain from unnecessary internet usage, including but not limited to: streaming videos, online gaming, and other heavy bandwidth usage.

You will receive a link 12 to 24 hours before the class start time. Notification will come through the email address provided during the registration process, so please make sure you enter your email correctly.

Your Scout Uniform is required to be worn when attending this Online Merit Badge session. If you have any additional questions, please feel free to contact Brian Reiners; Scoutmaster Bucky via email at scoutmasterbucky@yahoo.com or on the phone at 612-483-0665.

Reviewing the Merit Badge Pamphlet PRIOR to attending and doing preparation work will insure that Scouts get the most out of these online class opportunities. The Merit Badge Pamphlet is a wealth of information that can make earning a Merit Badge a lot easier. It contains many of the answers and solutions needed or can at least provide direction as to where one can find the answers.

It is NOT acceptable to come unprepared to a Scoutmaster Bucky event. You can (and should) use the Scoutmaster Bucky American Business Merit Badge Workbook to help get a head start and organize your preparation work. Please note that the use of any workbook is merely for note taking and reference. Completion of any Merit Badge Workbook does not warrant, guarantee, or confirm a Scouts completion of any merit badge requirement(s). You can download the Scoutmaster Bucky Medicine Merit Badge Workbook for taking notes to help you prepare.

It should be noted that this Merit Badge class is not meant for those who just want to come and see what they can get done. It is possible to complete this Merit Badge by being properly prepared and having done the preparation work prior to the class. Preparation is a MUST! If you are not willing to participate to these expectations and standards, perhaps the Scoutmaster Bucky opportunity is not for you.

Medicine Merit Badge
2020 Scouts BSA Requirements

Please make sure you read the top portion of this page for general participation expectations in a Scoutmaster Bucky merit badge class.

Pay careful attention to the action verbs within the requirements. An example to note:

"Tell", "explain", "describe", and "discuss" are commonly used and will require the Scout to perform these actions during the class. When these action verbs are a part of any requirement, Scouts are expected to be prepared to share. Reading responses is not acceptable since it does not fulfill the requirement of showing the Scout's knowledge and understanding.

1.

Discuss with your counselor the influence that EIGHT of the following people had on the history of health care:

(a)

Hippocrates

(b)

William Harvey

(c)

Antoine van Leeuwenhoek

(d)

Edward Jenner

(e)

Florence Nightingale

(f)

Louis Pasteur

(g)

Gregor Mendel

(h)

Joseph Lister

(i)

Robert Koch

(j)

Daniel Hale Williams

(k)

Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen

(l)

Marie and Pierre Curie

(m)

Walter Reed

(n)

Karl Landsteiner

(o)

Alexander Fleming

(p)

Charles Richard Drew

(q)

Helen Raussig

(r)

James Watson and Francis Crick

(s)

Jonas Salk

2.

Explain the Hippocratic Oath to your counselor, and compare the original version to a more modern one. Discuss to whom those subscribing to the original version of the oath owe the greatest allegiance.

3.

Discuss the health-care provider-patient relationship with your counselor, and the importance of such a relationship in the delivery of quality care to the patient. Describe the role of confidentiality in this relationship.

4.

Do the following:

(a)

Describe the roles the following people play in the delivery of health care:

(1)

Allopathic physician (M.D.) and osteopathic physician (D.O.)

(2)

Chiropractor (D.C.)

(3)

Emergency medical technician

(4)

Licensed practical/vocational nurse

(5)

Medical assistant

(6)

Medical laboratory technologist

(7)

Nurse-midwife

(8)

Nurse practitioner

(9)

Occupational therapist

(10)

Optometrist

(11)

Pharmacist

(12)

Physical therapist

(13)

Physician's assistant

(14)

Podiatrist

(15)

Psychologist

(16)

Radiologic technologist

(17)

Registered nurse

(18)

Respiratory therapist

(b)

Describe the educational and licensing requirements to practice health care in your state for FIVE of the professions in requirement 4a. (Not all professions may exist in your state.)

5.

Do the following:

(a)

Tell what is meant by the term "primary care" with regard to a medical specialty.

(b)

Briefly describe the types of work done by physicians in the following specialties:

(1)

Internal medicine

*"Primary care" specialties*

(2)

Family practice

*"Primary care" specialties*

(3)

Obstetrics/gynecology

*"Primary care" specialties*

(4)

Pediatrics

*"Primary care" specialties*

(5)

Psychiatry

(6)

Surgery

(c)

Describe the additional educational requirements for these specialties.

6.

Do the following:

(a)

Briefly describe the types of work performed by physicians in FIVE of the following specialties or subspecialties:

(1)

Allergy/immunology

(2)

Anesthesiology

(3)

Cardiology

(4)

Colorectal surgery

(5)

Critical care medicine (intensive care medicine)

(6)

Dermatology

(7)

Emergency Medicine

(8)

Endocrinology

(9)

Gastroenterology

(10)

Geriatric medicine

(11)

Hematology/oncology

(12)

Hospitalist

(13)

Infectious disease

(14)

Nephrology

(15)

Neurosurgery

(16)

Neurology

(17)

Nuclear medicine

(18)

Ophthalmology

(19)

Orthopedic surgery

(20)

Otolaryngology/head and neck surgery

(21)

Pathology

(22)

Physical medicine and rehabilitation

(23)

Plastic, reconstructive, and maxillofacial surgery

(24)

Preventive medicine

(25)

Pulmonology

(26)

Radiology

(27)

Rheumatology

(28)

Thoracic/cardiothoracic surgery

(29)

Urology

(30)

Vascular surgery

(b)

Describe the additional educational requirements for the FIVE specialties or subspecialties you chose in 6a.

7.

Do the following:

(a)

Visit a physician's office, preferably one who delivers "primary care." (This may be that of your counselor.) Discuss the components of a medical history and physical examination (an official BSA health form may be used to guide this discussion), and become familiar with the instruments used.

If this cannot be arranged, demonstrate to your counselor that you understand the components of a medical history and physical, and discuss the instruments involved.

(b)

Describe the characteristics of a good diagnostic test to screen for disease (e.g., routine blood pressure measurement). Explain briefly why diagnostic tests are not "perfect."

(c)

Show how to take a blood pressure and a pulse reading.

8.

Do the following:

(a)

Discuss the roles medical societies, employers, the insurance industry, and the government play in influencing the practice of medicine in the United States.

(b)

Briefly tell how your state monitors the quality of health care within its borders, and how it provides care to those who do not have health insurance.

9.

Compare and discuss with your counselor at least two types of health care delivery systems used throughout the world.

10.

Serve as a volunteer at a health-related event or facility in your community (e.g., blood drive, "health fair," blood pressure screening, etc.) approved by your counselor.