1. Do the following:
a. Describe the top 10 mistakes new drivers frequently make. Name the two items you are required by law to carry with you whenever you operate a motor vehicle.
b. Describe how alcohol and other drugs affect the human body and why a person should never drink and drive, or drive while under the influence of any mind-altering substances, including prescription drugs, cold medications, and illicit drugs. For the state where you live, find out what is the legal blood alcohol concentration and the consequences for driving while intoxicated or driving under the influence. Find out what the open-container law is in your state.
c. Describe at least four factors to be considered in the design of a road or highway. Explain how roadside hazards and road conditions contribute to the occurrence and seriousness of traffic crashes.
d. Explain why a driver who is fatigued or distracted should not operate a motor vehicle. List five common distractions, explain how driver distractions contribute to traffic accidents, and tell how drivers can minimize distractions. Describe how volunteer drivers can plan to be alert when transporting Scouting participants.
There is a lot to Requirement 1
and its components. Scouts
will find it most beneficial to
use a notebook or Merit Badge
WOrkbook to help organize their
work and make for easier
reference during the class
discussion on these items.
Scouts should be prepared to
discuss their findings for this
requirement and its components
with the merit badge counselor
and class. As with all
requirement components, Scouts
will not automatically be signed
off on a requirement or
component just for attending.
Active and knowledgeable
participation in the class
discussion is required for sign
2. Do the following:
a. Demonstrate how to properly wear a lap or shoulder belt. Explain why it is important for drivers and passengers to wear safety belts at all times.
demonstration portion of this
requirement component will be
covered in the class, however,
Scouts should be prepared with
their explanation for this
requirement component prior to
b. List five safety features found in motor vehicles besides occupant restraint systems. Describe each safety feature, how each works, and how each contributes to safety.
recommended that Scouts
consider using a notebook or
Merit BAdge Workbook to make
notes for their participation in
the class discussion on this requirement
class participation is required in order
to complete this requirement component.
3. Do the following:
a. Using your family car or another vehicle, demonstrate that all lights and lighting systems in the vehicle are working. Describe the function and explain why each type of light is important to safe driving.
b. Using your family car or another vehicle, demonstrate how to check tire pressure and identify the correct tire pressure for the vehicle. Explain why proper tire pressure is important to safe driving.
c. Demonstrate a method to check for adequate tire tread. Explain why proper tire tread is important to safe driving.
d. Demonstrate with a smear-and-clear test if the windshield wiper blades will clear the windshield completely or need to be replaced. Describe instances in good and bad weather when windshield washers are important to safe driving.
This requirement will be covered in the class through the guidance of the merit badge counselor. However
only Scouts who have reviewed
the Traffic Safety Merit Badge
pamphlet will likely be prepared
enough to complete this
requirement in the class.
While the demonstration elements
will done in the class, and the
counselor will supplment the
explanation elements with
knowledge on the discussion
topics, it is not acceptable to
expect to be signed off on any
or all of these requirement
components if only repeating
what the counselor has provided.
Scouts must come to the class
with some prior understanding /
knowledge of the items within
this requirement. Notes
preparation is highly
recommended for use in the
4. Do the following:
a. In a location away from traffic hazards, measure with a tape measure - not in a car - and mark off with stakes the distance that a car will travel during the time needed for decision and reaction, and the braking distances necessary to stop a car traveling 30, 50, and 70 miles per hour on dry, level pavement. Discuss how environmental factors such as bad weather and road conditions will affect the distance.
Requirement component will be
done during the class.
Scouts should plan on going
outside for part or all of this
Requirement 4 component.
Scouts should have
weather-appropriate attire with
them. Scouts should review
this requirement component and
be familiar with the concepts
they will need for completion.
b. Describe the difference in nighttime visibility between a properly lit bicycle and rider (or a pedestrian) wearing reflective material and a bicycle and rider with no lights (or a pedestrian) dressed in dark clothing, without reflective material.
requirement component will be
discussed in the class, however,
Scouts will need to do some
preparation prior to the class
in order to have an opportunity
to complete this requirement
component at the class.
c. Explain how color and shape are used to help road users recognize and understand the information presented on traffic and roadway signs. Explain the purpose of different types of signs, signals, and pavement markings.
Scouts should review this requirement component and
be prepared to explain. It is
strongly recommended that Scouts bring any
notes or supporting documents they may
have to help show the counselor that they
have done preparation work and are ready
d. Describe at least three examples of traffic laws that apply to drivers of motor vehicles and that bicyclists must also obey.
Scouts should review this
requirement component and be
prepared to discuss Be
prepared with examples to share
during the class.
5. Do ONE of the following:
a. Interview a traffic law enforcement officer in your community to identify what three traffic safety problems the officer is most concerned about. Discuss with your merit badge counselor possible ways to solve one of those problems.
b. Using the Internet (with your parent's permission), visit five websites that cover safe driving for teenagers. As a group, discuss what you have learn with your counselor and at least three other teenagers.
c. Initiate and organize an activity or event to demonstrate the importance of traffic safety.
d. Accompanied by an adult and a buddy, pick a safe place to observe traffic at a controlled intersection (traffic signal or stop sign) on three separate days and at three different times of the day, for 30 minutes on each visit. At this intersection, survey (1) such violations as running a red light or stop sign; or (2) seat belt usage. Count the number of violations or number of drivers not wearing a seat belt. Record in general terms if the driver was young or old, male or female. Keep track of the total number of vehicles observed so that you can determine the percentage of compliance vs. violations. Discuss your findings with your merit badge counselor.
Requirement 5a is planned to be covered, but can
not be guaranteed, as a law
availability is not always
predictable, Scouts wanting to
ensure completion of this
requirement in the class should
pick one of the other three
options for Requirement 5 and
have it ready for the class.
Scouts should bring proof of any
work done for consideration by
the counselor for sign off and
completion, just saying you did
something isn't always enough to
meet the satisfaction of the
counselor, it is always best to
have supporting documentation of