1. Discuss with your counselor the influence that EIGHT of the following people had on the history of health care:
b. William Harvey
c. Antoine van Leeuwenhoek
d. Edward Jenner
e. Florence Nightingale
f. Louis Pasteur
g. Gregor Mendel
h. Joseph Lister
i. Robert Koch
j. Daniel Hale Williams
k. Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen
l. Marie and Pierre Curie
m. Walter Reed
n. Karl Landsteiner
o. Alexander Fleming
p. Charles Richard Drew
q. Helen Taussig
r. James Watson and Francis Crick
s. Jonas Salk
2. Explain the Hippocratic Oath to your counselor, and compare the original version to a more modern one. Discuss to whom those subscribing to the original version of the oath owe the greatest allegiance.
3. Discuss the health-care provider-patient relationship with your counselor, and the importance of such a relationship in the delivery of quality care to the patient. Describe the role of confidentiality in this relationship.
4. Do the following:
a. Describe the roles the following people play in the delivery of health care:
1. Allopathic physician (M.D.) and Osteopathic physician (D.O.
2. Chiropractor (D.C.)
3. Emergency medical technician
4. Licensed practical/vocational nurse
5. Medical assistant
6. Medical laboratory technologist
8. Nurse practitioner
9. Occupational therapist
12. Physical therapist
13. Physician's assistant
16. Radiologic technologist
17. Registered nurse
18. Respiratory therapist
b. Describe the educational and licensing requirements to practice health care in your state for FIVE of the professions in requirement 4a. (Not all professions may exist in your state.)
5. Do the following:
a. Tell what is meant by the term "primary care" with regard to a medical specialty.
b. Briefly describe the types of work done by physicians in the following specialties:
1. Internal medicine (Primary care specialties)
2. Family practice (Primary care specialties)
3. Obstetrics/gynecology (Primary care specialties)
4. Pediatrics (Primary care specialties)
c. Describe the additional educational requirements for these specialties.
6. Do the following:
a. Briefly describe the types of work performed by physicians in FIVE of the following specialties or subspecialties:
4. Colorectal surgery
5. Critical care medicine (intensive care medicine)
7. Emergency Medicine
10. Geriatric medicine
13. Infectious disease
15. Neuro surgery
17. Nuclear medicine
19. Orthopedic surgery
20. Otolaryngology/head and neck surgery
22. Physical medicine and rehabilitation
23. Plastic, reconstructive, and maxillofacial surgery.
24. Preventive medicine
28. Thoracic/cardiothoracic surgery
30. Vascular surgery
b. Describe the additional educational requirements for the five specialties or subspecialties you chose in 6a.
7. Do the following:
a. Visit a physician's office, preferably one who delivers "primary care." (This may be that of your counselor.) Discuss the components of a medical history and physical examination (an official BSA health form may be used to guide this discussion), and become familiar with the instruments used. (if this cannot be arranged, demonstrate to your counselor that you understand the components of a medical history and physical, and discuss the instruments involved).
b. Describe the characteristics of a good diagnostic test to screen for disease (e.g., routine blood pressure measurement). Explain briefly why diagnostic tests are not perfect.
c. Show how to take a blood pressure and a pulse reading.
8. Do the following:
a. Discuss the roles medical societies, employers, the insurance industry, and the government play in influencing the practice of medicine in the United States.
b. Briefly tell how your state monitors the quality of health care within its borders, and how it provides care to those who do not have health insurance.
9. Compare and discuss with your counselor at least two types of health care delivery systems used throughout the world.
10. Serve as a volunteer at a health-related event or facility in your community (e.g., blood drive, "health fair", blood pressure screening, etc.) approved by your counselor.