1. Discuss with your counselor the influence that EIGHT of the following people had on the history of health care:
b. William Harvey
c. Antoine van Leeuwenhoek
d. Edward Jenner
e. Florence Nightingale
f. Louis Pasteur
g. Gregor Mendel
h. Joseph Lister
i. Robert Koch
j. Daniel Hale Williams
k. Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen
l. Marie and Pierre Curie
m. Walter Reed
n. Karl Landsteiner
o. Alexander Fleming
p. Charles Richard Drew
q. Helen Taussig
r. James Watson and Francis Crick
s. Jonas Salk
Scouts should come to the class with notes prepared for discussion on 8 of the people they select from the list above. The class will offer discussion time for all Scouts to share their findings.
2. Explain the Hippocratic Oath to your counselor, and compare the original version to a more modern one. Discuss to whom those subscribing to the original version of the oath owe the greatest allegiance.
Scouts will find reviewing the
Medicine Merit Badge pamphlet will yield a better understanding of this requirement and aid them in preparation for their explanation during the class. Be prepared.
3. Discuss the health-care provider-patient relationship with your counselor, and the importance of such a relationship in the delivery of quality care to the patient. Describe the role of confidentiality in this relationship.
While the counselor will help facilitate the class discussion on this requirement, Scouts will need to prepare by referencing the
Medicine Merit Badge pamphlet section covering this topic. Additional resource may be utilized to prepare for class discussion.
4. Do the following:
a. Describe the roles the following people play in the delivery of health care:
1. Allopathic physician (M.D.) and Osteopathic physician (D.O.
2. Chiropractor (D.C.)
3. Emergency medical technician
4. Licensed practical/vocational nurse
5. Medical assistant
6. Medical laboratory technologist
8. Nurse practitioner
9. Occupational therapist
12. Physical therapist
13. Physician's assistant
16. Radiologic technologist
17. Registered nurse
18. Respiratory therapist
b. Describe the educational and licensing requirements to practice health care in your state for FIVE of the professions in requirement 4a. (Not all professions may exist in your state.)
Scouts will need to spend a little time and research preparing for this requirement
and its components. Additional resources beyond the merit badge pamphlet may be used to fully prepare for this requirement. It is not acceptable to expect to complete this requirement without prior work and preparation on the Scout's behalf. Time will be allotted during the class to discuss this requirement, however, only Scouts that are satisfactorily prepared and participate in the class discussion will have the potential of completing this requirement during the class.
5. Do the following:
a. Tell what is meant by the term "primary care" with regard to a medical specialty.
b. Briefly describe the types of work done by physicians in the following specialties:
1. Internal medicine (Primary care specialties)
2. Family practice (Primary care specialties)
3. Obstetrics/gynecology (Primary care specialties)
4. Pediatrics (Primary care specialties)
c. Describe the additional educational requirements for these specialties.
Scouts will find much of the information need for preparation of this requirement
and its components to be in the
Medicine Merit Badge pamphlet. As with all merit badges and requirements, reading the merit badge pamphlet PRIOR to the class will yield the highest possibility for class completion of this requirement. The "tell" and "describe" actions for this requirement will be a part of group discussion led by the counselor in which each Scout will be given an opportunity to share their research and understanding
of the topics in this requirement.
6. Do the following:
a. Briefly describe the types of work performed by physicians in FIVE of the following specialties or subspecialties:
4. Colorectal surgery
5. Critical care medicine (intensive care medicine)
7. Emergency Medicine
10. Geriatric medicine
13. Infectious disease
15. Neuro surgery
17. Nuclear medicine
19. Orthopedic surgery
20. Otolaryngology/head and neck surgery
22. Physical medicine and rehabilitation
23. Plastic, reconstructive, and maxillofacial surgery.
24. Preventive medicine
28. Thoracic/cardiothoracic surgery
30. Vascular surgery
b. Describe the additional educational requirements for the five specialties or subspecialties you chose in 6a.
Scouts should review this requirement and its components and be prepared to discuss. This should be done prior to the class. Scouts should have this written out to show the counselor that thought and research has gone into this requirement and Scouts should be prepared to explain their findings. Scouts will not automatically be signed off on this requirement just for attending as the requirement states that they must explain a number of items and will be required to partake in group and/or individual explanation to obtain credit.
7. Do the following:
a. Visit a physician's office, preferably one who delivers "primary care." (This may be that of your counselor.) Discuss the components of a medical history and physical examination (an official BSA health form may be used to guide this discussion), and become familiar with the instruments used. (if this cannot be arranged, demonstrate to your counselor that you understand the components of a medical history and physical, and discuss the instruments involved).
b. Describe the characteristics of a good diagnostic test to screen for disease (e.g., routine blood pressure measurement). Explain briefly why diagnostic tests are not perfect.
c. Show how to take a blood pressure and a pulse reading.
Requirement 7a will NOT be completed as a part of the class, however, Scouts will have an opportunity to complete this component of the requirement during the class if prepared and with some considerations. It is not enough to have just visited a physician, the other part of the requirement is to become familiar with instrumentation and have a discussion of medical history and examinations. Only Scouts who are actively answering or sharing their findings to the satisfaction of the counselor will have the opportunity for completion of this component of the requirement.
Requirement 7b and 7c will be discussed in the class, however, Scouts will need to be prepared with an understanding of these requirement components prior to the class so that they are ready to share their understanding as a part of the class.
8. Do the following:
a. Discuss the roles medical societies, employers, the insurance industry, and the government play in influencing the practice of medicine in the United States.
b. Briefly tell how your state monitors the quality of health care within its borders, and how it provides care to those who do not have health insurance.
The counselor will facilitate discussion for this requirement. Only Scouts that positively and actively participate in this discussion will have an opportunity of completing this requirement. Obviously reviewing the merit badge pamphlet will yield much information needed for successful preparation and participation, however additional resources may be necessary to reference for completing requirement 8b.
9. Compare and discuss with your counselor at least two types of health care delivery systems used throughout the world.
Scouts should review this requirement and be prepared to discuss. It is strongly recommended that Scouts bring any notes or supporting documents they may have to help show the counselor that they have prepared for discussion for this requirement.
10. Serve as a volunteer at a health-related event or facility in your community (e.g., blood drive, "health fair", blood pressure screening, etc.) approved by your counselor.
This requirement will
NOT be covered within the class, however Scouts wishing to be considered for completion of this requirement should bring adequate documentation to show that they have completed
the volunteer activity at a
health-related event or facility. Adequate documentation is not a letter from your parent, but rather a letter or note on organizational letterhead from a representative of the organization where you performed your
volunteer time. Please remember that the merit badge counselor reserves the right to accept
or reject your chosen activity
if they do not feel it meets
their interpretation of the