1. Review with your counselor the processes for producing printed communications: offset lithography, screen printing, electronic/digital, relief, and gravure. Collect samples of three products, each one produced using a different printing process, or draw diagrams to help you with your description.
Scouts will find the use of the merit badge pamphlet to be
extremely helpful in preparing for the components of this requirement. It is
strongly recommended that Scouts utilize a merit badge workbook to help organize
their notes and findings for reference during class discussion. Active
participation in the class discussion is necessary for consideration in being
signed off on this requirement. Scouts should also remember to bring their
three samples or diagrams to aide them in their discussion and in order to
successfully complete the entire requirement. Scouts not attending with samples
or diagrams may find it difficult to complete this requirement at the class, so
to ensure the highest probability of getting signed off on this requirement,
remember to bring your samples or diagrams.
2. Explain the differences between continuous tone, line, and halftone artwork. Describe how digital images can be created and/or stored in a computer.
While the merit badge counselor will help facilitate some
educational components on this requirement, Scouts should review the merit badge
pamphlet for a better understanding coming into the class. Scouts will be
expected to be able to clearly and accurately share with the counselor through
explanation their understanding of this requirement during the class based on
their preparation work and what the counselor shares and educates them with.
3. Design a printed piece (flier, T-shirt, program, form, etc.) and produce it. Explain your decisions for the typeface or typefaces you use and the way you arrange the elements in your design. Explain which printing process is best suited for printing your design. If desktop publishing is available, identify what hardware and software would be appropriate for outputting your design.
This requirement is best done prior to the class, or at least
the design part of the requirement. The emphasis of this requirement is to
understand the process of creating such a design. It has been found that Scouts
coming to the class with their design already conceptualized and designed have a
far better chance of completing this requirement then Scouts who attend not
having even started on this requirement. While time will be allotted in the
class for some design work, it can not be guaranteed that Scouts not coming to
class with their deign in-hand will fully complete this requirement. It is best
to have this one ready prior to the class to insure the highest probability for
4. Produce the design you created for requirement 3 using one of the following printing processes:
LITHOGRAPHY Make a layout, and produce a
plate using a process approved by your counselor.
Run the plate and print at least 50 copies.
PRINTING Make a hand-cut or photographic
stencil and attach it to a screen that you have
prepared. Mask the screen and print at least 20
DIGITAL PRINTING Create a layout in
electronic form, download it to the press or
printer, and run 50 copies. If no electronic
interface to the press or printer is available, you
may print and scan a paper copy of the layout.
PRINTING Prepare a layout or set the
necessary type. Make a plate or lock up the form.
Use this to print 50 copies.
This requirement will NOT be done in the class. Scouts may
choose to complete this requirement ahead of time or complete this after the
class. The class will focus some time for discussion of this requirement as well
as the sharing of each Scouts work. to support their completion of this
requirement. Only Scouts that share their work to the satisfaction of the
counselor will have an opportunity to complete this requirement during the
class. Scouts not having the resources or know how to complete this requirement
will be guided by the counselor to options and opportunities they may do after
the class in order to complete the requirement and it's components.
5. Review the following postpress operations with your counselor:
a. Discuss the finishing operations of padding, drilling, cutting, and trimming.
b. Collect, describe, or identify examples of the following types of binding: perfect, spiral, plastic comb, saddle stitched, and case.
Scouts will find much of the information necessary for
completing this requirement and it's components in the Graphic Arts Merit Badge
pamphlet. Scouts should review this part of the pamphlet to arrive at the class
with an understanding for the postpress operations. Scouts should also consider
the action requirements for 5b and be ready to share their collected examples,
or describe examples of different types of binding. The merit badge counselor
will aide in some basic educational support to assist Scouts that have prepared
in completion this requirement and it's components. Only Scouts that actively
participate in the group discussion will be considered for sign off on this
requirement and it's components.
6. Do ONE of the following, and then describe the highlights of your visit:
a. Visit a newspaper printing plant: Follow a story from the editor to the press.
b. Visit a retail, commercial, or in-plant printing facility: Follow a project from beginning to end.
c. Visit a school's graphic arts program: Find out what courses are available and what the prerequisites are.
d. Visit three Web sites (with your parent's permission) that belong to graphic arts professional organizations and/or printing-related companies (suppliers, manufacturers, printers). With permission from your parent or counselor, print out or download product or service information from two of the sites.
This requirement can NOT be completely covered in the class,
HOWEVER time will be allotted for those Scouts who have visited one of the
identified component items of this requirement to share their highlights of
their visit with the counselor and class. Most Scouts will find requirement 6d
easiest to complete.
7. Find out about three career opportunities in graphic arts. Pick one and find out the education, training, and experience required for this profession. Discuss this with your counselor, and explain why this profession might interest you.
Scouts should review this requirement and its components and
be prepared to discuss. It is strongly recommended that Scouts bring any notes
or supporting documents they may have to help show the counselor that they have
prepared for discussion of these items.