1. Do the following:
a. With your parent's permission, use the internet to find a blog, podcast, website, or an article on the use or conservation of energy. Discuss with your counselor what details in the article were interesting to you, the questions it raises, and what ideas it addresses that you do not understand.
b. After you have completed requirements 2 through 8, revisit your source for requirement la. Explain to your counselor what you have learned in completing the requirements that helps you better understand the article.
Scouts should come to the class with a copy of the article
they selected for Requirement 1a. If it is from the internet the URL should be
included as reference to where it was found. If it is from a magazine or
newspaper the cover page or at least the publication date should be noted
somewhere along with the article.
Only Scouts that successfully are prepared and complete
requirements 2 through 8 during the class will have an opportunity of finishing
this requirement, as component 1b of this requirement states that it can only be
done after you have completed requirements 2 through 8.
2. Show you understand energy forms and conversions by doing the following:
a. Explain how THREE of the following devices use energy, and explain their energy conversions: toaster, greenhouse, lightbulb, bow drill, cell phone, nuclear reactor, sweat lodge.
b. Construct a system that makes at least two energy conversions and explain this to your counselor.
Scouts will find that the use of the Energy Merit Badge
pamphlet will be a great guide and resource when preparing for this requirement
prior to the class. While component 2b will be done as an activity in the class,
only Scouts that have properly prepared and actively participate in both the
activity and discussion as well as showing they have prepared and understand at
least three of the devices use of energy as stated in component 1a of this
requirement will have be considered for sign off on this entire requirement
during the class.
3. Show you understand energy efficiency by explaining to your counselor a common example of a situation where energy moves through a system to produce a useful result. Do the following:
a. Identify the parts of the system that are affected by the energy movement.
b. Name the system's primary source of energy.
c. Identify the useful outcomes of the system.
d. Identify the energy losses of the system.
Scouts should utilize the Energy Merit Badge pamphlet to
review and prepare for explanation during the class to the counselor the parts
of this requirement as stated above. It is highly recommended that Scouts
utilize a notebook or Merit Badge Workbook to make notes and prepare for their
explanation and classification of the three mammals.
4. Conduct an energy audit of your home. Keep a 14-day log that records what you and your family did to reduce energy use. Include the following in your report and, after the 14-day period, discuss what you have learned with your counselor.
a. List the types of energy used in your home such as electricity, wood, oil, liquid petroleum, and natural gas, and tell how each is delivered and measured, and the current cost; OR record the transportation fuel used, miles driven, miles per gallon, and trips using your family car or another vehicle.
b. Describe ways you and your family can use energy resources more wisely. In preparing your discussion, consider the energy required for the things you do and use on a daily basis (cooking, showering, using lights, driving, watching TV, using the computer). Explain what is meant by sustainable energy sources. Explain how you can change your energy use through reuse and recycling.
This requirement may be done either prior to or after the
class. Only Scouts that have done the preparation work AND can provide their
log sheet which must meet the counselor's satisfaction, will have the
opportunity to be signed off on this requirement during the class. Active and
knowledgeable sharing of the Scout's understanding of this requirement and its
related components will be measured and signed off on by the counselor if it
meets their expectations and satisfaction.
5. In a notebook, identify and describe five examples of energy waste in your school or community. Suggest in each case possible ways to reduce this waste. Describe the idea of trade-offs in energy use. In your response, do the following:
a. Explain how the changes you suggest would lower costs, reduce pollution, or otherwise improve your community.
b. Explain what changes to routines, habits, or convenience are necessary to reduce energy waste. Tell why people might resist the changes you suggest.
Please note that this requirement states that you must
identify and describe your findings in a notebook and to include many other
items in your additional explanation to complete this requirement. Scouts may
have time during the class to polish their work, but Scout's attending the class
that have not done work on this requirement ahead of time will likely find it
difficult, if not impossible, to complete during the class. Be Prepared.
6. Prepare pie charts showing the following information, and explain to your counselor the important ideas each chart reveals. Tell where you got your information. Explain how cost affects the use of a nonrenewable energy resource and makes alternatives practical.
a. The energy resources that supply the United States with most of its energy
b. The share of energy resources used by the United States that comes from other countries
c. The proportion of energy resources used by homes, businesses, industry, and transportation
d. The fuels used to generate America's electricity
e. The world's known and estimated primary energy resource reserves
Again, this requirement and its components will be difficult
to complete without prior work and preparation prior to the class. Note that
this requirement has many parts that must be remembered when working on this
requirement. Not only must Scouts prepare pie charts they must also be prepared
to explain and tell of their findings and analysis. The counselor will
facilitate discussion on this requirement during the class, but Scouts not doing
preparation work will find that the discussion on this requirement will merely
be an opportunity for them to get the obvious clarification of the counselor's
expectations for successful completion of this requirement at a later date.
7. Tell what is being done to make FIVE of the following energy systems produce more usable energy. In your explanation, describe the technology, cost, environmental impacts, and safety concerns.
Biomass digesters or waste to energy plants
Fossil fuel power plants
Geothermal power plants
Nuclear power plants
Solar power systems
Tidal energy, wave energy, or ocean thermal energy conversion devices
Scouts should review this requirement and its components and
be prepared for class activities and participation. The Energy Merit Badge
pamphlet will be a great source to utilize as well as any other book or web
sites you may find that can supplement your preparation and research for
completing this requirement during the class.
8. Find out what opportunities are available for a career in energy. Choose one position that interests you and describe the education and training required.
Scouts should review this requirement and its components and
be prepared to discuss. It is strongly recommended that Scouts bring any notes
or supporting documents they may have to help show the counselor that they have
prepared for discussion of these items.