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ANIMAL SCIENCE MERIT BADGE

SCOUTMASTER BUCKY CLASS PREPARATION PAGE

Return to Animal Science Merit Badge Page

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS

 

Please arrive with ample time prior to the start time of your class for registration.  Remember there will be others checking in as well and depending on the size of the class and the event the class is being held in conjunction with that registration may take a little time.
 

You should bring a blue card filled out properly for this class. (Scoutmaster Bucky Online participants - you should have forwarded your Blue card to Scoutmaster Bucky prior to the class via email or postal mail Scoutmaster Bucky - 5724 Aldrich Avenue South  Minneapolis, Minnesota  55419.) If you are not familiar with how to fill out a blue card, you should familiarize yourself with Scoutmaster Bucky's "How To Fill Out A Blue Card" document. Click here for Scoutmaster Bucky's "How To Fill Out A Blue Card".  Remember it is a Scout's responsibility to take care of their own blue card from beginning to end.


Your Scout Uniform is required to be worn for attending this Merit Badge session.   If you have any additional questions, please feel free to contact Brian Reiners; Scoutmaster Bucky via email or on the phone at 612-483-0665.

Reviewing the merit badge pamphlet PRIOR to attending and doing preparation work will insure that Scouts get the most out of these class opportunities. The merit badge pamphlet is a wealth of information that can make earning a merit badge a lot easier. It contains many of the answers and solutions needed or can at least provide directions as to where one can find the answers.  It is NOT acceptable to come unprepared to a Scoutmaster Bucky event.

You can (and should) use the Scoutmaster Bucky Animal Science Merit Badge Workbook to help get a head start and organize your preparation work. You can download the Scoutmaster Bucky Animal Science Merit Badge Workbook by clicking here.  If this link is not working please check the internet for other merit badge workbook options.

It should be noted that this merit badge class is not meant for those who just want to come and see what they can get done. It is possible to complete this merit badge by being properly prepared and having done the preparation work prior to the class. Preparation is a MUST.

 

 

ANIMAL SCIENCE MERIT BADGE SPECIFICS

 

Things to remember to bring for this Merit Badge Class:

1. Merit Badge Blue Card properly filled out and signed off by your Scoutmaster

2. Animal Science Merit Badge Pamphlet

3. Scout Uniform

4. Supporting documentation or project work pertinent to this merit badge which may also include a Merit Badge Workbook for reference with notes

5. A positive Scouting focus and attitude

Following is an outline of the class to help you prepare.  Note that Scouts will be signed off only on those requirements that the Merit Badge Counselor determines meets the requirements; no more no less  This Merit Badge should not be expected to be earned without preparation and work

 

1. Name four breeds of livestock in each of the following classifications: horses, dairy cattle, beef cattle, sheep, hogs. Tell their principal uses and merits. Tell where the breeds originated.

Scouts should review the merit badge pamphlet and utilize a Merit Badge Workbook when preparing for this requirement.  Scouts will find it very helpful to have these notes organized and ready for sharing during the class as they may find it difficult to record this information during the class and fall behind the discussion trying to keep up with taking notes.  Having this prepared for ahead of time will ensure completion of this requirement within the class allotted time.

 

2. List five diseases that afflict the animals in each of the classifications in requirement 1. Also list five diseases of poultry. Describe the symptoms of each disease and explain how each is contracted and how it could be prevented.

The answers to this requirement can easily be found in the merit badge pamphlet and Scouts should be prepared for discussion on each of the components of this requirement in the class.  Some Scouts may find it helpful to utilize a Merit Badge Workbook to organize their notes and findings for easier reference during the class and to better ensure completion of this requirement in the class.

 

3. Explain the major differences in the digestive systems of ruminants, horses, pigs, and poultry. Explain how the differences in structure and function among these four types of digestive tracts affect the nutritional management of these species.

As with the previous requirements, the answers for this requirement can easily be found in the merit badge pamphlet.  Scouts are encouraged to make notes in their Merit Badge Workbook to be better organized and ready for explanation to the counselor within the class.

 

4. Select one type of animal—beef cow, dairy cow, horse, sheep, goat, or hog, or a poultry flock—and tell how you would properly manage it. Include in your discussion nutritional (feeding) concerns, housing, disease prevention, waste control/removal, and breeding programs if appropriate.

This requirement will be covered and managed by the counselor in the class. The counselor will likely focus on only one of these options; naturally biased towards their area of interest and expertise.  Scouts however are encouraged to review the merit badge pamphlet with this requirement in mind to familiarize themselves with differences in each of these areas for the different animals.  This familiarization will help created a better understanding and discussion in the class with the counselor and other Scouts.

 

5. Explain the importance of setting clear goals for any animal breeding program. Tell how purebred lines of animals are produced. Explain the practice of crossbreeding and the value of this practice.

While the merit badge pamphlet can give some perspective on each of the components of this requirement, Scouts are encouraged to consider their own thoughts and come to class prepared to explain and discuss their findings and conclusions.  Scouts may find it helpful to make notes in a Merit Badge Workbook for easier reference during the class.

 

6. Complete ONE of the following options:

PLEASE NOTE: For Requirement #6 when attending a Scoutmaster Bucky class, the option to prepare for will likely be noted within the registration information of the class.  If you are uncertain which option may or will be covered within the class, please ask for clarification.  Scouts will be expected to have prepared the appropriate components of the Requirement #6 option that is selected for the class.

 

BEEF CATTLE OPTION:

a. Visit a farm or ranch where beef cattle are produced under any of these systems.

1. Feeding market cattle for harvest.

2. Cow/calf operation, producing cattle for sale to commercial feeders

3. Producing purebred cattle for sale as breeding stock to others.

Talk with the operator to learn how the cattle were handled, fed, weighed, and shipped. Describe what you saw and explain what you learned. If you cannot visit a cattle ranch or farm, view a video from a breed association, or research the Internet (with your parent's permission) for information on beef cattle production. Tell about your findings

Scouts should bring with them to class some sort of proof (a note signed by the host, your parent, teacher, Scoutmaster, or other) to help validate to the counselor your completion of the visit that is noted in this requirement.  Ideally your note could/should be signed by the operator of the farm or ranch you visited.  Scouts will be asked to share their findings with the counselor and class.  It is suggested Scouts may want to consider making notes in the Merit Badge Workbook in order to organize and formulate their description and explanation required for this requirement.

b. Sketch a plan of a feedlot to include its forage and grain storage facilities, and loading chute for 30 or more fattening steers; or sketch a corral plan with cutting and loading chutes for handling 50 or more beef cows and their calves at one time

Scouts may want to consider incorporating this requirement in with their Requirement 6a Beef Cattle Option requirement and Sketch the feedlot and storage facilities found at that farm or ranch.  Talking to the operator on what changes might need to be made when adding more cattle to the operations might yield further insight to the changes that this facility might make and assist the Scout in the completion of this requirement.

c. Make a sketch showing the principal wholesale and retail cuts of beef. Tell about the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) dual grading system of beef. Tell the basis of each grade in each system

While this requirement will be covered in the class, Scouts should review their merit badge pamphlet and come with an understanding for discussion in the class.  It is highly recommended to utilize a Merit Badge Workbook to begin your sketch as well.

d. Define the following terms: bull, steer, bullock, cow, heifer, freemartin, heiferette, calf

Scouts should come to the class knowledgeable of these terms and be prepared to share their definitions. These terms will be discussed in the class.

 

DAIRYING OPTION:

a. Tell how a cow or a goat converts forage and grain into milk. Explain the differences in feeds typically used for dairy cows versus those fed to beef cows

Scouts will need to do some research and reading in order to prepare for this requirement.  It is recommended that Scouts make notes of their findings to help show the counselor their efforts in preparing for the class.  These notes can also serve to help Scouts successfully perform their explanation or discussion elements of this requirement. It will be very difficult for Scouts who do not come prepared for this requirement to successfully complete the requirement in the class.

b. Make a chart showing the components in cow's milk or goat's milk. Chart the amount of each component

While this requirement will be covered in the class, Scouts should review their merit badge pamphlet and come with an understanding for discussion in the class.  It is highly recommended to utilize a Merit Badge Workbook to begin your chart as well.

c. Explain the requirements for producing grade A milk. Tell how and why milk is pasteurized

Scouts should be prepared to explain the requirements asked for in this requirement component. While the counselor will help give insight to this requirement component, Scouts will have the greatest possibility of completing this requirement only through having prior knowledge via the information in the merit badge pamphlet to complete this requirement. It is suggested to utilize a Merit Badge Workbook to make notes of your findings for sharing during the class with your counselor and fellow Scouts.

d. Tell about the kinds of equipment used for milking and the sanitation standards that must be met on dairy farms

While this requirement will be covered in the class, Scouts should still come to the class having reviewed the merit badge pamphlet in preparation for discussion.  It is encouraged for Scouts to consider using a Merit Badge Workbook to make notes of their findings for use during the class.

e. Define the following terms: bull, cow, steer, heifer, springer; buck, doe, kid

Scouts should come to the class knowledgeable of these terms and be prepared to share their definitions. These terms will be discussed in the class.

f. Visit a dairy farm or a milk processing plant. Describe what you saw and explain what you learned. If you cannot visit a dairy farm or processing plant, view a video from a breed or dairy association, or research the Internet (with your parent's permission) for information on dairying. Tell about your findings

Scouts should bring with them to class some sort of proof (a note signed by the host, your parent, teacher, Scoutmaster, or other) to help validate to the counselor your completion of the visit that is noted in this requirement.  Ideally your note could/should be signed by the operator of the farm or ranch you visited.  Scouts will be asked to share their findings with the counselor and class.  It is suggested Scouts may want to consider making notes in the Merit Badge Workbook in order to organize and formulate their description and explanation required for this requirement.

 

HORSE OPTION:

a. Make a sketch of a useful saddle horse barn and exercise yard

While this requirement will be covered in the class, Scouts should review their merit badge pamphlet and come with an understanding for discussion in the class.  It is highly recommended to utilize a Merit Badge Workbook to begin your sketch as well.

b. Tell about the history of the horse and the benefits it has brought to people. Using the four breeds of horses you chose in requirement 1, discuss the different special uses of each breed

Scouts will need to do some research and reading in order to prepare for this requirement.  It is recommended that Scouts make notes of their findings to help show the counselor their efforts in preparing for the class.  These notes can also serve to help Scouts successfully perform their explanation or discussion elements of this requirement. It will be very difficult for Scouts who do not come prepared for this requirement to successfully complete the requirement in the class.

c. Define the following terms: mare, stallion, gelding, foal, colt, filly; mustang, quarter horse, draft horse, pacer, trotter; pinto, calico, palomino, roan, overo, tobiano

Scouts should come to the class knowledgeable of these terms and be prepared to share their definitions. These terms will be discussed in the class.

d. Visit a horse farm. Describe what you saw and explain what you learned. If you cannot visit a horse farm, view a video from a breed association, or research the Internet (with your parent's permission) for information on horses. Tell about your findings

Scouts should bring with them to class some sort of proof (a note signed by the host, your parent, teacher, Scoutmaster, or other) to help validate to the counselor your completion of the visit that is noted in this requirement.  Ideally your note could/should be signed by the operator of the farm or ranch you visited.  Scouts will be asked to share their findings with the counselor and class.  It is suggested Scouts may want to consider making notes in the Merit Badge Workbook in order to organize and formulate their description and explanation required for this requirement.

e. Outline the proper feeding of a horse doing light work. Explain why the amount and kind of feed will change according to the kind of horse and the work it does. Describe what colic is, what can cause it, and its symptoms

While this requirement will be covered in the class, Scouts should still come to the class having reviewed the merit badge pamphlet in preparation for discussion.  It is encouraged for Scouts to consider using a Merit Badge Workbook to make notes of their findings for use during the class.

 

SHEEP OPTION:

a. Make a sketch of a live lamb. Show the location of the various wholesale and retail cuts

While this requirement will be covered in the class, Scouts should review their merit badge pamphlet and come with an understanding for discussion in the class.  It is highly recommended to utilize a Merit Badge Workbook to begin your sketch as well.

b. Discuss how wools are sorted and graded

Scout should reference the merit badge pamphlet and prepare their findings for discussion in the class. Many Scouts will find the use of a Merit Badge Workbook to help organize their notes for this requirement to be helpful and increase their chances of completion while aiding them in their discussion during the class.

c. Do ONE of the following:

1. Raise a lamb from weaning to market weight. Keep records of feed intake, weight gains, medication, vaccination, and mortality. Present your records for review by your counselor.

If requirement 6c1 is selected, Scouts should bring photos or video to share with the counselor and class showing the raising of your lamb.  Bring your records as stated in this requirement to class to also share with your counselor and class.

2. Visit a farm or ranch where sheep are raised. Describe what you saw and explain what you learned. If you cannot visit a sheep farm or ranch, view a video from a breed association, or research the Internet (with your parent's permission) for information on sheep. Tell about your findings.

If choosing requirement 6c2, Scouts should bring with them to class some sort of proof (a note signed by the host, your parent, teacher, Scoutmaster, or other) to help validate to the counselor your completion of the visit that is noted in this requirement.  Ideally your note could/should be signed by the operator of the farm or ranch you visited.  Scouts will be asked to share their findings with the counselor and class.  It is suggested Scouts may want to consider making notes in the Merit Badge Workbook in order to organize and formulate their description and explanation required.

d. Describe some differences between the production of purebred and commercial lambs. Then select two breeds that would be appropriate for the production of crossbred market lambs in your region. Identify which breed the ram should be

While this requirement will be covered in the class, Scouts should review their merit badge pamphlet and come with an understanding for discussion in the class. Scouts may find making notes in a Merit Badge Workbook will help them organize their findings for easier sharing during the class.

e. Define the following terms: wether, ewe, ram, lamb

Scouts should come to the class knowledgeable of these terms and be prepared to share their definitions. These terms will be discussed in the class.

 

HOG OPTION:

a. Make a sketch showing the principal wholesale and retail cuts of pork. Tell about the recommended USDA grades of pork. Tell the basis for each grade

While this requirement will be covered in the class, Scouts should review their merit badge pamphlet and come with an understanding for discussion in the class.  It is highly recommended to utilize a Merit Badge Workbook to begin your sketch as well.

b. Outline in writing the proper feeding programs used from the breeding of a gilt or sow through the weaning of the litter. Discuss the feeding programs for the growth and finishing periods

While this requirement will be covered in the class, Scouts should still come to the class having reviewed the merit badge pamphlet in preparation for discussion.  It is encouraged for Scouts to consider using a Merit Badge Workbook to make notes of their findings for use during the class.

c. Do ONE of the following:

1. Raise a feeder pig from weaning to market weight. Keep records of feed intake, weight gains, medication, vaccination, and mortality. Present your records for review by your counselor

If requirement 6c1 is selected, Scouts should bring photos or video to share with the counselor and class showing the raising of your pig.  Bring your records as stated in this requirement to class to also share with your counselor and class.

2. Visit a farm where hogs are produced, or visit a packing plant handling hogs. Describe what you saw and explain what you learned. If you cannot visit a hog production unit or packing plant, view a video from a packer or processor, or research the Internet (with your parent's permission) for information on hogs. Tell about your findings.

If choosing requirement 6c2, Scouts should bring with them to class some sort of proof (a note signed by the host, your parent, teacher, Scoutmaster, or other) to help validate to the counselor your completion of the visit that is noted in this requirement.  Ideally your note could/should be signed by the operator of the farm or ranch you visited.  Scouts will be asked to share their findings with the counselor and class.  It is suggested Scouts may want to consider making notes in the Merit Badge Workbook in order to organize and formulate their description and explanation required.

d. Define the following terms: gilt, sow, barrow, boar

Scouts should come to the class knowledgeable of these terms and be prepared to share their definitions. These terms will be discussed in the class..

 

AVIAN OPTION:

a. Make a sketch of a layer house or broiler house showing nests, roosts, feeders, waterers, and means of ventilation. Explain how insulation, ventilation, temperature controls, automatic lights, and other environmental controls are used to protect birds from heat, cold, and bad weather

While this requirement will be covered in the class, Scouts should review their merit badge pamphlet and come with an understanding for discussion in the class.  It is highly recommended to utilize a Merit Badge Workbook to begin your sketch as well.

b. Explain why overcrowding is dangerous for poultry flocks

Scouts can easily find the answer to this requirement when reviewing the merit badge pamphlet. Scouts should review this requirement and be prepared o explain their findings in the class.

c. Tell about the grading of eggs. Tell how broilers (fryers) are graded. Describe the classes of chicken meat

While this requirement will be covered in the class, Scouts should still come to the class having reviewed the merit badge pamphlet in preparation for discussion.  It is encouraged for Scouts to consider using a Merit Badge Workbook to make notes of their findings for use during the class.

d. Do ONE of the following:

1. Manage an egg-producing flock for five months. Keep records of feed purchased, eggs sold, medication, vaccination, and mortality. Present your records for review by your counselor.

2. Raise 20 chicks from hatching. Keep records of feed intake, weight gains, medication, vaccination, and mortality. Present your records for review by your counselor.

If requirement 6d1 or 6d2 is selected, Scouts should bring photos or video to share with the counselor and class showing their managing of a flock or the raising of chickens.  Bring your records as stated in this requirement to class to also share with your counselor and class.

3. Visit a commercial avian production facility. Describe what you saw and explain what you learned. If you cannot visit a commercial facility, view a video from a poultry association, or research the Internet (with your parent's permission) for information on poultry production. Tell about your findings.

If choosing requirement 6d3, Scouts should bring with them to class some sort of proof (a note signed by the host, your parent, teacher, Scoutmaster, or other) to help validate to the counselor your completion of the visit that is noted in this requirement.  Ideally your note could/should be signed by the operator of the farm or ranch you visited.  Scouts will be asked to share their findings with the counselor and class.  It is suggested Scouts may want to consider making notes in the Merit Badge Workbook in order to organize and formulate their description and explanation required.

e. Define the following terms: hen, rooster, chick, capon; tom, poult

Scouts should come to the class knowledgeable of these terms and be prepared to share their definitions. These terms will be discussed in the class.

 

7. Find out about three career opportunities in animal science. Pick one and find out the education, training, and experience required for this profession. Discuss this with your counselor, and explain why this profession might interest you.

Scouts should review this requirement and its components and be prepared to discuss.  It is strongly recommended that Scouts bring any notes or supporting documents they may have to help show the counselor that they have prepared for completion of this requirement.

 

this page last reviewed and updated - December 2015